Mastectomy Essay

Improved Essays
Results
Conclusively cancer manifests itself in many forms within organisms, with different intensity levels. In the simplest of cases there is noninvasive breast cancer, where the cancer cells are essentially localized and remain there. On the other hand there is invasive breast cancer, where the cancerous cells spread (metastasize) throughout the body by using the bloodstream and lymphs. Most cancer patients are primarily treated for breast cancer with surgery by carrying out simple or modified mastectomy or modified radical mastectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy plus hormonal therapy depending on the case (Khan, Bahadur, Agarwal, Sehgal, & Das, 2010). Some cancer patients also receive the treatment of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. Surgery,
…show more content…
Chemotherapy involves a chemical drug that eliminate cancer cells within the body. This chemical drug is given through an intravenous (IV) injection, which goes through the patient’s bloodstream and kills cancer cells. This drug can also affect other cells within a patient’s body which can cause them to feel very ill and often causes hair loss. A medical oncologist, which is a medical professional who deals with the prevention, treatment, and diagnosis of cancer prescribes this drug in hope to cure or eliminate all cancer cells. Chemotherapy has resulted in successful tumor downstaging, enabling resection in most patients with inoperable disease and enabling many patients with large but operable tumors to undergo breast conserving surgery (But-Hadžić et al., 2010). Radiotherapy on the other hand involves a high energy x-ray treatment. These radiation treatments are prescribed by a radiation oncologist, which is a physician who specializes in radiation for the treatment of cancer. Unlike chemotherapy, radiotherapy does not travel through the bloodstream, it specifies in a specific location, as a result of which, it doesn’t have as many negative side effects as chemotherapy. Most cancer patients receive the treatments of chemotherapy and radiotherapy combined to get the best possible outcome. The optimal sequencing of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in breast …show more content…
For example, young women more often chose to receive chemotherapy due to clinical preferences and biological factors of the tumor (Boerman et al., 2014). Over the past 20 years, the prognosis for women diagnosed with breast cancer has improved significantly with recognition of the efficacy of multimodal therapy for reducing both local and distant recurrences (But-Hadžić et al., 2010). Although each breast cancer therapist has its own way of treating the disease, we believe that a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy in accordance to surgery yield the highest long term remission rates in breast cancer patients. Chemotherapy alone yields a higher remission rate than radiotherapy, however there is a substantial number of recurrence with chemotherapy. (Tanioka et al., 2010). On the other hand, radiotherapy is often chosen as the primary form of treatment given that many carriers experience an immense sensitivity to chemotherapy (Steward, Gao, Taylor, & Margenthaler, 2014). In many cases the full removal of the breast tissue is recommended yet it doesn’t guarantee that the tumor won’t recur. Even after the breast has been fully removed, many individuals are to proceed with radiotherapy for the prescribed amount of time, in order to be fully eliminate the initial mass and make sure there aren’t fragments left

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    They include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy, along with other options. Radiation therapy is a treatment with high-energy rays or particles that destroy cancer cells (cancer.org). In addition, external beam radiation is the most common type of radiation therapy for women. Radiation to the breast is often given after breast-conserving surgery to help lower the chance the cancer will come back in the breast or nearby lymph nodes. When surgery is required it’s often needed to remove a breast tumor.…

    • 733 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Discuss what other signs and symptoms Mrs. H may expect to experience if the tumor returns. (See Pathophysiology, Local Effects of Malignant Tumors, Systemic Effects of Malignant Tumors.) There are many signs and symptoms of tumors, some early and some are later. It also depends if the return of cancer is because of metastases or cancer in the other breast. Mrs. H has breast cancer, and only the right breast was removed, therefore it is possible that she will find a lump in the remaining breast tissue or a lump or discharge from the left breast (551).…

    • 945 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Complications come with a lot thing in life, and that is also true with even treatments in cancer. This includes both chemotherapy and radiation alike. But in these complications there seems to be a treatment that has a clear advantage by offering less problems to deal with than the other. Before that subject matter is dealt with, details on what the treatment actually is might be useful. Firs there is chemotherapy, it is a somewhat effective and useful form of cancer treatment which uses drugs to target and kill cancer cells.…

    • 1260 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Radiation kills cancer cells. It is often used when a tumor cannot be removed by surgery. Chemotherapy is the use of chemical and drugs. Immunotherapy is similar to chemotherapy, but instead it uses the natural chemicals and drugs the body makes. Hormone therapy slows down the rate of the hormones related to the cancer development.…

    • 1083 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ddp Chemotherapy

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages

    The wide field of biochemistry includes exploration in the use of gene therapy for the treatment of cancers such as lung cancer. Though gene therapy is still in early stages of development, many researchers have concluded that gene therapy in therapeutic cancer treatment seems to be very effective and efficient. Gene therapy is the replacement of defective genes to enable the production of normally functioning genes. This replacement of genes is an adolescent and risky procedure and is often used as a “last-resort” treatment (Hoyle, 2012). Often, the government agencies that monitor the trials only grant gene therapy to diseases that affect more than one percent of the population with treatments that are ineffective or costly (Panno, 2005).…

    • 1238 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Treatment for breast cancer if very personalized. A treatment that might have worked for your friend not might not be the best way to go for you. Why? Because breast cancer can be in different stages, Her2/neu positive, estrogen/progesterone positive, type of breast cancer, or how fast the tumor is growing. The five type of standard treatment that are used include: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy.…

    • 1129 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    There’s the surgical aspect, the therapeutic aspect, and the medicine aspect. To surgically treat Breast Cancer, a lumpectomy (tumor removal), a mastectomy (whole breast removal), a sentinel node biopsy (removal of lymph nodes, and a contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (removal of both breasts) can be performed but not all are necessary. The therapeutic treatment consist of Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, and Hormone Therapy which directly target the cancer and can have side effects like hair loss and weight loss. When involving medicine, Herceptin (targets excess protein), Perjeta (for metastatic cancer), Kadcyla (cell killing drug), and Tykerb (drug for advance stage cancer) are what get offered to a patient. When offering this treatment, the goal is to treat the disease and prevent Breast Cancer from returning which is essential for a better and longer…

    • 718 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I. Intraoperative Radiation therapy: Also known as IORT II. Problem: Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer for women. It is when there is a lump in the breast that contains cancer cells. Some lumps do not contain cancer cells though. The doctor will have to diagnose someone with breast cancer.…

    • 1523 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    When cancerous cells form, cells become introduced into the lymph nodes (Anderson, 2010). Two typical types of cancer formation are: Invasive breast cancer and Stage IV breast cancer. Incidents where cancerous cells proliferate in breast tissue through the milk ducts or lobules is named Invasive breast cancer. It’s a probability that this cancer metastasis in areas of the body through the lymphatic system. During Invasive breast cancer (first stage) the axillary lymph nodes first come infected; while advances stages knows as Stage IV breast cancer infect bones, lungs or other organs.…

    • 1265 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Neuroblastoma Treatment

    • 810 Words
    • 4 Pages

    This treatment utilizes drugs that enter the bloodstream and attack the cancer. This is a preferred form of treatment for patients whose cancer has spread into different parts of their body because the drugs are in the bloodstream and travel throughout the body. Chemotherapy can be used to…

    • 810 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays