Family And Culture Influence On Cognitive Development

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Introduction
Developmental psychology attempts to explain how humans grow and change throughout their lifespan. Researchers have proposed numerous theories about the different stages and characteristics of development to understand human behavior and personality. For instance, cognitive development is one of the fields of developmental psychology that outlines how humans perceive stimuli based upon their ability to process knowledge, reason, and be creative or critical. Numerous social and environmental factors influence a person’s cognitive development. This essay will argue that social factors such as; family and culture along with environmental factors such as, school environment affect cognitive development. Furthermore, the essay will relate such factors to Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theory and compare the two principles. Lastly, it will establish the importance of developmental psychology for nursing practice using Tanner’s model (Tanner 2006).
According to Park & Harvey (2015), family and culture influence cognitive development. Although childhood development is progressed in the absence of a family unit, it often presents positive and negative aspects to cognitive development. For instance, persevering economic difficulty as well as early exposure to poverty weakens cognitive functioning at 5 years of age (Ingirid et al
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Hanato & Wertsh (2001), bring forth the argument of nature and nurture and suggest that culture influences the development of morality in children. They also argue that learning at microenvironment is affected larger context such as culture and community, certain cultural learnings will not be similar to the other culture bring a difference in cultural learning. Culture also influences parenting styles that invariably effect a person’s cognitive development. Children of ambivalent parents have mature thinking skills than children of authoritative parents (Chang et al

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