Running head: How Philosophy and physiology have influenced early psychological thought.
The Influences of early psychological though of Physiology and philosophy
History of Psychology
Abstract Physiology is a branch of biology that deals with life and living matter according to (Webster Merriam) Physiology is the processes and function of all or part of an organ. According to (Webster) Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind and language.The influences of philosophy and physiology are discover by ancient Greeks such as Aristotle and Plato. In the seventeenth century, Rene Descartes suggested the concept of dualism in
…show more content…
Descartes broke Aristotle tradition with rejection of substantial form as explanatory principles in physics. (Charles Adam) 1987-1913. Rene Descartes is famous for nouveau de l nature Leibniz presented the famous articulation of psychophysical parallelism in which he adapted an occasion list metaphor to support the view that soul and body exist a pre-established harmony. Descartes contribution are The mechanistic conception of the body, the theory of reflex action, the mind body interaction, The localization of mental functions in the brain and the doctrine of innate ideas. In Descartes contribution he states that the concept of innate ideal led to the nativist theory of perception which is the idea that support one’s ability to perceive is innate rather than learned and also influences the Gestalt school of psychology which in turn influenced the more contemporary cognitive movement in psychology. The doctrine of innate ideas is important because it inspired opposition. Rene Descartes his contribution of innate ideal identified god the self, perfection and infinity his contribution has led to concept of perception and the ability to perceived and influence d the Gestalt school psychology which influence the more contemporary cognitive movement in psychology.
Hermann Von Helmholtz was born in Germany in 1821. His Father was a Gymnasium professor for the junior college in Europe. Mr. Helmholtz had teacher to come and surrender home base study