Essay On Hinduism And Buddhism

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Long ago both Hinduism and Buddhism originated and evolved on Indian soil. They share a long history together intermingled in one way or another. Through the years each religion has had a significant influence on the other, and they have also developed some major differences as well. The Buddha was born into a Hindu family and the Hindu tradition eventually accepted the Buddha as an incarnation of Vishnu (Voorst 114). Buddhism became widely accepted in India due to teachings of the Buddha that created hope for those who otherwise had no hope of salvation and freedom of choice in a society that was ran as a caste system form the dominant Hindu religion. Both of these religions however had compassion toward all living beings, they were non-violent, …show more content…
Removal of desire, which is the root cause of suffering, would result in the cessation of suffering according to the Buddha. Whereas, performing actions without desiring the fruit of the action would result in liberation according to some of the Hindu texts of the Upanishads and the Bhagavad-Gita. As mentioned earlier, both religions emphasize non violence and compassion towards all living beings, believe in the existence of heavens and hells or higher and lower worlds. Each religion believes on different planes the existence of gods or deities, and use similar names: Brahma, Yama, and Indra. They both believe in reaching a certain state of mind or Bhavas through certain spiritual practices like meditation or concentration. In order to enter into spiritual life, both Hindus and Buddhist believe in detachment and reincarnation of worldly life. Death is inevitable and inescapable aspect of life that is recognized in Hinduism and Buddhism. Death is a deity in both religions, sharing the same name as Yama. Both religions consider the best solution to the problem of suffering and bondage is liberation not rebirth or heavenly life. A four tier cosmology of multiple worlds is ackowledged in each religion. The world of Brahman, heaven of Indra, celestial beings populate the mid-region, the earth as a subterranean world is recognized by Hinduism. Buddhism also accepts Brahma as the highest region of abstract worlds, devas inhabit the worlds of forms …show more content…
Buddhist does not believe in any Hindu scripture. There is a supreme creator, Brahman the individual soul, existence of Atman for Hinduism; Buddhism does not acknowledge the existence of souls. Regardless of the acceptance of Buddha as an incarnation as Vishnu, the Buddhist do not accept any Hindu god as equal or superior to the Buddha. There is a distinction between Hindus and Buddhist worship methods; Hindus will worship images and icons of the Brahman but Buddhist do not worship any icons or images of the Buddha. Hinduism distinguishes four main concepts of human life: Dharma – religious duty, Samsara – cycle of reincarnation, Kama –desires and passions, and Moksha – salvation. Buddhism only distinguishes between two concepts: Dharma and Nirvana – liberation (Hindu

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