Should Genetic Engineering Be Allowed

Superior Essays
In this essay, I will argue that we should allow for genetic engineering to be used in creating new children. However, we should limit our genetic engineering so that only genetic therapy should be allowed because of the great medical benefits genetic therapy brings about. I will compare genetic engineering to current types of therapy and will describe example situations that will further display that genetic therapy is permissible.
The fundamental differences between genetic therapy and genetic enhancement gives reason to why genetic therapy should be allowed and why genetic enhancement should not. Genetic therapy is defined as “the correction... of a disease through the addition and expression of genetic material that … corrects... genetic
…show more content…
Similar to the example of Huntington’s Disease mentioned above, the idea of using genetic therapy as “the only hope of cure” (Gene Therapy, 207) applies to a variety of different diseases. For example, Meredith and Derek are expecting a child and both are carriers of the gene for sickle cell anemia. They want to make sure their child, Ellie, does not have this disease because the chances is very likely. Because there are safe and effective technologies available, the medical team should use genetic therapy and correct Ellie’s genetic makeup so that she does not have sickle cell anemia. By doing so, the doctor’s are doing the morally correct action because they are saving a life that can be saved. If the technology to cure a life threatening disease or disorder is available, then it should be used to save as many lives as possible. It is the obligation of our medical practitioners to be beneficent, or to help us when they the means to do so are available (A Principle Based Approach, 68). If we have the means to help someone, then we must do all that we can.
Alternately, situations in which genetic enhancement are used are less beneficial than genetic therapy. For example, Meredith and Derek are having another child and they hope that their soon to be child, Bailey, is tall with blue eyes because they believe that those characteristics will help the child’s self-esteem. They seek
…show more content…
Having a disability means to have “a restriction… in performing an activity… considered normal for a human being” (Pharoah, 819). By saying that we should use genetic therapy to correct for disabilities, medical professionals are also saying that those living with those medical issues are living subpar. The medical model, the idea that disabilities are not good, “supports the correction of a biological condition through therapy…” and genetic therapy as well (Rulli). We should not say that the social consequences for people with disabilities that is created by using genetic therapy outweighs the medical benefits of genetic therapy for people who can treat their disabilities because, like in the medical model, health and medical issues should be the priority. The social model states that disability is only “bad for people in certain social contexts...” (Rulli) and we should not be seeking to correct these disabilities if the problems have already been fixed through other means. However, genetic therapy aims to fix medical issues. Disabilities are medical issues that deviate from the normal state of health, therefore genetic therapy should be allowed to treat such disabilities. The medical benefits of genetic therapy are much greater than the negative social effects created and this is why genetic therapy should be

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    To recap, genetic engineering should have restrictions but be allowed. In the case of serious medical conditions, genetic engineering should be used to alleviate human suffering; however, it should not be allowed when people want to make a baby that is seemingly perfect. To wrap it up, parents who want to change their baby should be able…

    • 486 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Knowing there is a way to help prevent harmful diagnoses is very important for future generations, especially with having family members diagnosed with terminal illnesses influence the concern of the advancement of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering holds many benefits towards human beings today that have never been considered to be viable in the medical field. It can eliminate devastating diseases that affect individuals living today, prevent illness spreading into future generations, and it can create healthier longer lives. These benefits should be recognized by opponents of genetic engineering, along with the considerable changes that could withstand on the human…

    • 1825 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    If this was to occur, it means the good cells would be damaged and cancerous changes may happen. On the other hand strength of this approach explained by The scientists who are exploring genetic engineering may have good intentions however, according to Kanapton (2015) it can still lead to an ethical disasters as it enables parents to design their own babies. On the other hand, Skladman (2011) stresses that genetic engineering can assist saving a person from a deadly…

    • 1262 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Essay On Gene Editing

    • 771 Words
    • 4 Pages

    We, as a society, should always be moving forward and bettering ourselves, but is genetic manipulation the best way to do it? Gene editing can help cure fatal diseases in children however it could be possible for parents to choose their children’s personality traits. Science should be used to better a person’s life, not determine it. It is not a moral obligation of a parent to screen out “personality flaws” but it is a parent’s moral obligation if they want to cure their child of sickle cell disease and save the child from a painful and possibly shortened life. It is wrong for parents and scientists to play God, except in the instance it could save the child from suffering.…

    • 771 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I do agree with therapeutic cloning, as it could help people who may have cancer of a certain organ, that way they can clone the organ and just receive it instead of being put on a waiting list to find a potential match. The medical advances we could have makes it hard to say that it is wrong. I also think that reproductive cloning should be legally okay. Many women these days are deemed infertile by a doctor, there unable to conceive by themselves. With the help of human cloning, it is possible for women to have the chance to carry their own child and not have to use a surrogate mother.…

    • 1440 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Lewis’s article is important because it illustrates the effects of genetic modification on the embryo’s health. Genetic engineering can cause deletions and alterations to the DNA, affecting negatively it’s natural functioning and what is produced. Also, genetic modification consists of removing undesired genes from the embryo. It is a one-way change. The changes made to the genes cannot be unchanged, and thus these changes will be inherited by the future generations.…

    • 1202 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    This goes off of something called germline modification, which is the modification of germ cells that transmit genetic information from one generation to the next (Foht). The modification of genes entails the termination of the subject, which prevents germline modification. This is normally seen as the morally and ethically correct way to perform these tests, and to conduct further research in this field of study (Foht). Some try to relate this to the debate on abortion, as it calls for the termination of the embryo. Yet, the position that scientists have a moral obligation to terminate the embryo after gene modification goes beyond the justifications offered by abortion advocates…

    • 1354 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Amniocentesis could reveal certain genes, such as the one for Huntington’s disease, but if these genes come back with a positive result then the next step should be considered morally and ethically. The embryo cannot speak for itself, thus leaving the decision to the parents. It is burdensome to know that the baby will grow up to have a disease, possibly fatal, and not…

    • 2101 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Dr. Row Case Analysis

    • 1429 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Row’s proposition to use a Barbie’s step sister’s embryo, “left over” from a human fertility treatment, to clone a human liver for Barbie. Dr. Row has all the necessary legal papers for this procedure on hands, and believes that this experimental procedure will save Barbie’s life by providing a permanent treatment for the condition. If the procedure works, we could eliminate the wait time and risky odds with traditional organ transplants. Since the liver clone would come from the Barbie’s half-sister’s embryo, the chance that it will be rejected by Barbie’s organism is less than if it was obtained from an unfamiliar, not-related to Barbie person. To respond to the letter, our Hospital is going to refer to the risks and concerns which are often brought up when it comes to cloning.…

    • 1429 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The medical model of disability is a model which identifies the impairment of a disabled person as the problem, of which, the aim is to fix or cure this impairment by means of medical professionals whereas the social model of disability is a model which identifies that society creates barriers in the environment that do not allow disabled people from participating fully and equally to those who are able bodied and looking at ways that can remove these barriers for disabled people. This essay will thus further discuss the medical model of disability in contrast with the social model of disability and i will illustrate this by using materials such as case studies and academic references that relate to the medical model and social model of disability.…

    • 719 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays