Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( Std ) Or Infections Essay

1446 Words Oct 26th, 2016 6 Pages
Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or infections (STI) refer to “a variety of clinical syndromes caused by pathogens that can be acquired and transmitted through sexual activity” (Schuilig&Likis, 2013, p. 485). There are a variety of bacteria, viruses, protozoa, and ectoparasites that may contribute to the cause of a sexually transmitted infection. The knowledge of these microorganisms contributing to the infection resulted in changing the term from venereal disease, which primarily referred to gonorrhea and syphilis.
Schuiling and Likis (2013) state that preventing, identifying, and managing STIs are essential components of women’s health care. Women are more susceptible to acquire a STI than men. The vagina has a larger amount of genital mucous membranes exposed and is an environment more conducive for infections than the penis. Further, risk for trauma is greater during vaginal intercourse for women than for men (Schuilig&Likis, 2013, p. 485).
Sexually transmitted infections are common and preventable causes of morbidity and serious complications. Approximately 19 million new STIs occur in the United States every year (Schuiling & Likis, 2013). STIs may result in infertility, ectopic pregnancy, increased risk of transmission of and acquiring HIV, if not treated early (Hoover et al, 2015). Therefore, it is crucial advanced practice nurses understand the importance of preventing and screening for STIs so the infection is diagnosed early and treated so transmission does…

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