Sensitive Mothering Is Essential to the Social and Emotional Development of the Child. Discuss This Statement in the Context of Relevant Developmental Theory.

1906 Words Sep 18th, 2015 8 Pages
As human beings, we cannot live alone. Since we born, we are part of various groups in our society, such as family, neighbourhood, town, city and nation. Within those groups, we need to take part in socialisation, as we all are social beings. Therefore, it is necessary to have the skills for us to behave appropriately. To obtain these skills, positive self-esteem and self-image are required. Young children need to be loved and cared for as well as feeling safe and valued in order to have a healthy emotional development. This early emotional development involves developing relationships with others, which build the foundation for young children to develop their ability. Instead of feeling anxious about the possibility of being abandoned, …show more content…
They would go to the cloth mother when they felt unsecured and used it as a safe base to explore more. Infant monkeys reared in isolation from their mothers are most likely suffered emotional and social problems in older age, such as too aggressive and having problems interacting with other monkeys. (McLeod, 2007) In the other hand, Lorenz’s study of grey lag geese showed that there is a “critical period” for imprinting, usually between 13-16 hours after they hatched. If they did not imprint during this period, they would suffer difficulties or even never would imprint (MCI, undated). Through these animal studies, Bowlby suggested that human beings are similar to animals. Infants innately form attachments with their caregiver from birth, which help to maximise their chances of survival because adults are able to protect infants from harm (Bowlby, 1953). Infants are able to signal for adults’ attention and get adults’ help through non-verbal communication and physical interaction, such as “baby face”, proportion of the body, smiling, crying, eye contact or vocalising (Bowlby, 1988). Once infants have established attachments, there are three main attachment behaviours can be observed which are social referencing, separation anxiety as well as following and clinging (MCI, undated). The very first relationship provides significant experience for the young children to form the basis and

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