Self Harm And Self Injury Among The Adolescent Population Essay
Being an adolescent in today’s world is a challenging task, especially by today’s standards. Relationships, peer pressure, stress, self-esteem, bullying, depression, drugs, and self-image are just a few of the common issues that teens face. One issue that the youth of today are facing that is on the rise and is currently receiving a great deal of attention in mainstream culture is nonsuicidal self-injury, or self-harm. This paper explores several aspects of self-harm and nonsuicidal self-injury among the adolescent population including: the definition, diagnostic criteria, and statistics of self-harming behaviors, common causes, warning signs, and risk factors of self-harm, the link between self-harm and suicide, prevention and intervention strategies, and counseling implications of self-harming behaviors among youth.
Definition, Diagnosis, and the Numbers
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is defined as intentionally causing destruction to one’s skin or body without the intent to die (Nock & Favazza, 2009). NSSI (referred to from here forward as “self-harm”) may manifest itself in various forms, such as cutting, burning, biting, carving or scratching. The most common method of self-harm is cutting, especially among the adolescent population. The Diagnostic and Statistics Manual for Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V) produced by the American Psychological Association (APA) includes a detailed section regarding the specific diagnostic criteria for…