Second Temple Period Essay

1434 Words 6 Pages
Introduction The Second Temple period is a remarkable time in history. To gain a full understanding of the New Testament, one must thoroughly explore the political and religious background of this time period. Prior to the Second Temple period, the Hebrews were in captivity under Babylonian rule. This captivity dispersed the Hebrews among many locations with major effects upon the people, including social, cultural, and religious. Although the majority of the Hebrews would never return to the land of Israel, the Second Temple period records significant historical facts that shaped the future of the Jewish people. This discussion will provide a brief history of the Second Temple period, beginning with the Persian period and ending with the destruction of the Second Temple in AD 70. In addition, Hellenism’s influence on Jewish culture will be looked at in more detail. It was the Second Temple period’s events and its influences on the Jewish culture that prepared the people and the land to receive a Savior that would impact the world forever.

History of the Second Temple Period The Second Temple Period started in 515 BC when Zerubbabel rebuilt the Temple in Jerusalem. It ended in AD 70 when the temple was destroyed by the Roman Empire. It included the time of Jesus and the early church. This particular period brings great
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At the beginning of this period, Babylon was conquered by Cyrus, the King of Persia. Previously, the Jewish community had been exiled to Babylon and required to intersperse with other ethnic and national groups. Cyrus made changes and allowed them to return to Jerusalem. Under the leadership of Sheshbazzar, Zerubbabel, and Jeshua the priest, the Jews began the process of rebuilding the temple. When the project was finished in 516, the ceremonial worship was

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