Hasmonean

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  • The Second Temple Period

    Cyrus made changes and allowed them to return to Jerusalem. Under the leadership of Sheshbazzar, Zerubbabel, and Jeshua the priest, the Jews began the process of rebuilding the temple. When the project was finished in 516, the ceremonial worship was reestablished. A priestly scribe named Ezra brought back various reforms to Jerusalem. Around 445, Nehemiah became governor of Judea. During his tenure, Nehemiah was instrumental in rebuilding the city walls and revitalizing the economy. Ezra and Nehemiah both purposed themselves to bring back the law into the lives of the Jews. The Hellenistic Period (331-164 BC) Alexander the Great (331-320 BC) The Hellenistic period lasted from the fall of the Persians in 331 BC until the Hasmonean revolt in 164 BC. The term “Hellenism” originated from the conquests of Alexandria the Great. Alexander did not live and reign for an extended amount of time, but he accomplished great feats by winning major influential battles. Alexander had great military skill and a tremendous courage that propelled his drive to succeed. During the first year of his conquests, Alexander defeated the Persian generals. Then, for the next few years he moved through the land winning battles and conquering territories. With his defeat of the Persian ruler, Darius, Alexander took the throne and was announced as the new world ruler. Alexander, however, took fever at the age of 33 and died after only 13 years of ruling. Ptolemaic Period (320-198…

    Words: 1434 - Pages: 6
  • The Pax Romana

    of the high priest, stripping Onias of the position and giving it to Onias’ brother Jason (VanderKam, 18). Antiochus IV would continue to switch out high pries during his reign, however this was not the only action he took against the Jewish people. Antiochus IV attacked the city of Jerusalem multiple times, ransacking the temple and claiming the city as his citadel (VanderKam, 19-20). After taking the city, he declared all religious practices he disagreed with illegal, effectively making it…

    Words: 1025 - Pages: 4
  • Compare And Contrast Aristobulus And Hyrcanus

    Rome. Through the Roman insertion, the Jewish state came to an end and Rome took power over Palestine. Roman Period (63 BC-AD 70) Now that Palestine was under Roman rule, it looked very similar to the Syrian rule. Men, such as Antigonus, Hyrcanus II, Antipater, Phasael, and Herod, were all competing for power. Hyrcanus II was instituted as the high priest and chief political leader, but he was not necessarily a strong leader. In time, the Roman governor removed the chief political leader…

    Words: 1026 - Pages: 5
  • Alexander Onn: Biblical Archaeology Summary

    recent excavation of the site was due to the fact that a modern road was planned to be constructed nearby. The author tells us that Umm el-‘Umdan is located with Modi’in. The town is named Modi’in now to commemorate the Maccabees. During the excavation, there were discoveries of multiple structures dating during different time periods that help identify the site as a Jewish village. Weksler-Bdolah tells us that the first one is an unknown synagogue that dates when the Second Temple still…

    Words: 760 - Pages: 4
  • Essay On Dead Sea Scrolls

    a large area of the Dead Sea’s northwestern shore. These scrolls were retrieved from eleven different caves and are classified in three categories: Jewish literature (400 manuscripts), biblical books (200, manuscripts) and Sectarian compositions (200 manuscripts). The Dead Sea Scrolls had been kept hidden for over two thousand years, so this discovery was viewed as incredibly valuable for early Christianity and the history of Judaism. These findings ignited public interest and invoked…

    Words: 729 - Pages: 3
  • Judaism In The Epic Of Gilgamesh

    as circumcision, and the pillaging of Jerusalem’s second temple lead to a Jewish revolt against the Greeks. Although the revolt presented an opportunity to unify the Jewish people under a single ideology, instead more division occurred. The presence of Samaritans who claimed to be descendants of the lost tribes of the north presented another ideological question: What practice of Judaism was correct since both the Jews of Jerusalem and the Samaritans were obviously influenced by foreign nations?…

    Words: 1306 - Pages: 6
  • Gospel Of John Essay Questions

    Sabbath, tithe, purity rituals and food segregation based on ancient Hebrew Scriptures. Pharisees man the separated ones, and they are the longtime political and religious rivals of Sadducees. The Sadducees are yet another division in the Jewish community but were a smaller “elite” group. Just like the Pharisees they lived from the second century BCE through the first century CE but more influential. They were strict on following the Hebrew Bible but rejected any newer traditions. The Essenes is…

    Words: 1418 - Pages: 6
  • Evolution Of The Pentateuch

    Greek and the temple had a pagan altar erected and all parishioners were required to offer at this altar. The Maccabees led the fight against the Greeks and those impious Jews who had become Hellenized. They reasserted the Jewish religion and customs and removed the Greek altar from the Temple. Mattathias was a criminal. It is not that he was wrong in fighting back against the Greeks and attempting to reclaim his homeland as he saw it, but rather that he killed non combatant innocents…

    Words: 2002 - Pages: 8
  • Greek Era Analysis

    political life style they endured. I found your discussion regarding the Weblink Module 5 selection of, “The Etruscan World” interesting. I think that you brought up some good points regarding this article. As you stated, “the ancestors of the Etruscans had lived for centuries by tending crops, herding animals, spinning and weaving cloth” which one would think they lived an ordinary life. However, historian have discovered many paintings and personal artifacts that may show the ancestors of…

    Words: 1412 - Pages: 6
  • Social Conflict In The Early Republic And The Late Republic

    As Spartacus was heading towards the sea, Marcus Licinius Lucullus was landing there. Spartacus had no option but to battle him. This was the end of Spartacus and his army. As well, it was the end of the Servile Wars (Shaw). The Late Republic of Rome had a war with Parthia. According to Cam Rea, after Julius Caesar won his civil war, he planned to venture into Parthian territory. His assassination by the Rome senate put an end to that. After the second triumvirate had defeated Caesar 's…

    Words: 1545 - Pages: 6
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