British Invasion Of Scotland Research Paper

Great Essays
Scotland was a distinct kingdom ruled by the MacAlpin clan in the early tenth century without defined boarders. Without defined boarders relations with England were very uneasy, although after 1066 Norman kings intervened periodically to help support the claims of the Scottish against them. In 1291 Edward I of England selected John Balliol to take the Scottish throne which had been empty since 1286, in return Balliol paid homage to Edward I as a vassal. In 1295 Scottish nobles signed a treaty with France which resulted in the Auld Alliance. As a result of this Edward I invaded Scotland in 1296, Balliol surrendered and imprisoned. From this Scotland was put under English rule, this caused uprisings in Scotland mostly lead by Andrew Murry and …show more content…
Bruce died the following year and an English invasion crowned Balliol’s son causing Bruce’s son David II to flee to France. Resistance pushed the invaders back allowing for David II to return to Scotland and become the King of Scots. Simultaneously England was at war with France and with negotiations England regarded David II the King of Scots. However the boarders of Scotland were a war zone and the maintenance of Scottish Independence created a common sense of nationhood. The language of Inglis was created as a commen language for Scotland as the northern people spoke Gaelic and the southern people spoke more Middle English and was used until the late fifteenth century. Two written works from 1370 promote early national consciousness, The Brus by John Barbour and Chronica Gentis Scotorum by John of Fordun. However the most popular was a poem from the fourteenth century called The Wallace by Blind Harry. From this the stories of William Wallace began to be well-known and caused an increase in anti-English hostility. Thus Scots identity formed around the common idea of hostility towards the English. This was the beginning of a new Dynasty for Scotland called the Stuart Dynasty. One of the Kings in this Dynasty was James IV, he kept the French as their alliance but tried to form another alliance with England by marrying Henry VII’s daughter Margaret Tudor. However, in 1513 war broke out amongst the English and the French and due to the Auld Alliance the Scots sided with the French. During this war James IV was killed in battle leaving his infant son as heir to the throne of Scotland. He later died early in life leaving his only heir an infant daughter who became Mary Queen of Scots. In order to solidify peace an arranged marriage was then created for Mary and Henry VIII’s son Edward, this arrangement ended poorly and the Scots

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    The new leader was Robert Bruce. When Edward I died, his son, Edward II, did not wish to continue his father’s duty. He drew back his troops to England. Robert took advantage of the situation and conquered back some of the Scottish fortifications. In 1314 Stirling castle was delivered from the English Army.…

    • 1104 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The York’s gained victory while Henry, his wife, and his son fled to Scotland leaving Edward as King. Though King Henry and Queen Margret were gone, with Margret’s connection in France, she was able to drive out King Edward and restore her husband to the throne in 1470. Two battles took place after this, both being won by the York’s and in the second battle King Henry’s only son was killed. Henry and Margret’s capture would follow the death. The crown then went back to King Edward.…

    • 949 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Carnatic War Case Study

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages

    POLITICAL SITUATION OF INDIA DURING ANGLO-FRENCH WAR The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb died in 1707. Bahadur Shah I succeeded him. However, there was a significant decline in the central control over the empire during the tenure of Jahandar Shah and later emperors. In the mean time, Nizam-ul-Mulk established Hyderabad as an independent kingdom. After his death, his son: Nasir Jung and his grandson: Muzaffar Jung started to fight against each other for the throne, which gave an opportunity to French and English people to enter into Indian politics.…

    • 1334 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    King Charles II had no children, and several relatives had equal claim to the throne. On his deathbed, King Charles II left the throne to Philippe, a grandson of the king of France. This greatly upset the other powers in Europe because it raised the possibility of a unification of the French and Spanish empires. This would give Spain and France a disproportionate amount of power. In 1701, Great Britain, Portugal, the Netherlands, and the Holy Roman Empire joined together against France and Spain to prevent them from uniting.…

    • 1170 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    On his return to London in May 1650 Cromwell was ordered to lead an army to Scotland, where Charles II had been acknowledged as its new king. Fairfax refused the command; so on June 25 Cromwell was appointed captain general in his place. He felt tender toward the Scots, most of whom were fellow Puritans, than toward the Catholic Irish. The campaign proved difficult, and during the winter of 1650 Cromwell was taken ill. But he defeated the Scots with an army inferior in numbers at Dunbar on September 3, 1650, and a year later, when Charles II advanced into England, Cromwell destroyed his army at Worcester.…

    • 4278 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Throughout the first stage, from the Fort Necessity disaster in 1754 until the development of the war in Europe in 1756, it was mainly a native, North American Struggle1, and the English did not thrive during these years. The British nautical fortifications were scarce so the colonists fought the war essentially on their own. Practically all-Indian tribes were then also united with the French. Only the Iroquois had seen their people forced to the British side, but they did not engage and kept themselves as neutral as possible.2 The second stage of the war began in 1756 when the governments of France and England officially released aggressions towards the colonists and a truly intercontinental conflict started. The warfare expanded now to the West Indies, India, and Europe itself.…

    • 1085 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Henry VII is remembered in history as having ended the Wars of the Roses and uniting a bitterly divided England. By defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485 and marrying Elizabeth of York he brought together the Houses of Lancaster and York under his new Tudor banner. However, Henry’s reign was not going to be straightforward and he had many issues which challenged his security on the throne. Henry had to ensure he dealt with rivals to the throne as well as making sure he ruled England in a firm but fair way. At the start of King Henry VII’s reign, he was seen as a usurper, not the natural heir to the throne of England.…

    • 811 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    By ending the threat of French power on the continent, by saddling Britain with a huge dept. and by denying the colonists what they thought was their rightful due after fighting alongside the British. The results set up the stage for the initiating conflicts between the Mother Country and the colonies. Why did the American Indians ally with the French against the British? The American Indians allied with the French against the British because the French and the Indians were allies as early as the 1600s also, the French traded with them and did not settle in their land.…

    • 1074 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    It made no sense for a Catholic to be the king because they also had to be the head of the Anglican church. Parliament only kept him crowned because his Anglican daughters, Mary II and Anne, would take over. Things turned around when James II had a son who would be raised Catholic. Fearful, Parliament get James II dethroned and William and Mary crowned. The Glorious Revolution was known as the bloodless overthrow of James II.…

    • 2024 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    He set up “chambers of reunion” to unearth legal grounds for claims on a number of cities, which Louis quickly took over. In 1688, Louis attacked the Holy Roman Empire, and was then confronted with the fear his rapacity brought, which resulted in a European coalition. The war against the Holy Roman Empire ended with the Treaty of Ryswick, through this treaty, Louis only lost minor territories. Louis last war, the War of the Spanish Succession, left France with a greatly weakened military and in serious debt, still, Louis grandson, Louis who gained the title, Duke of Burgundy retained the Spanish throne after Louis XIV death in 1711 (“King of France Louis XIV”). Louis is well-known for his tyrannical approach to foreign policy.…

    • 1355 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays