Rural Areas Face Various Obstacles Essay

3214 Words Oct 11th, 2014 13 Pages
Rural areas face various obstacles in their health delivery systems. In some ways there are major differences between rural and urban health systems. Rural areas tend to have less practicing physicians with a shortage of specialists. Lower pay to primary care physicians is deterring many from choosing the field. Rural areas tend to be poorer and residents have a harder time obtaining health insurance coverage. Rural residents face various economic, social and cultural factors that influence how they receive health care. The Affordable Care Act provides a method to increase access to care through Medicaid expansion and tax credits; however, many of the rural residents that would benefit, live in states that declined to expand. Cost, access, and quality all affect residents of rural areas in different ways.
Rural residents tend to be poorer than other parts of the nation and many are uninsured. This poses an issue with costs for these residents. Blankenau, Bailey, and Hudson (2009) state that rural residents have the ability to obtain coverage the same way urban residents do. Within the study, both relied on employers as the main source of insurance. The difference; however, was that in rural areas there was a higher employment percentage from small businesses. It was found that 50% of rural employees work for small businesses (Blankenau et al., 2009). Small businesses were found twice as likely not to offer coverage. This was found true for the 33% of rural residents that…

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