Routine Activities Theory Developed By Marcus Felson And Lawrence E. Cohen, Routine Activity Theory

1681 Words Nov 28th, 2016 7 Pages
Introduction
A theory developed by Marcus Felson and Lawrence E. Cohen, Routine Activity theory can be defined as a sub-field of crime opportunity that focuses on the situation of crimes. The focus of Routine Activity Theory is that crime is affected by social circumstances, but more of the routine of the victim or victims’. In order for the crime to occur routine activity theory involves three main essentials (1) a motivated person to commit the offense, (2) a victim who is
Vulnerable, and the last being an inadequate form of protection to prevent the crime (1987). This all comes to the conclusion that if the victim does not have a sufficient amount of protection and the crime is worthwhile to the perpetrator then, the crime will happen. Rather than focusing on the offender it focuses on the traits of crime. The Theory explains important research on the prevention of crime. “Routine activities theory implies that society creates opportunities for crime” (1987). Traveling from place to place using everyday routes, social bonds, including work relationship, friends, and romantic relationships, Places that people shop or visit often, may control when, where, and to who crime can happen to. Having these routines can sometimes make crime feel at ease or can make crime feel difficult to the perpetrator. It studies opportunity structures that commonly facilitate crime; prevention strategies that are informed by routine activity theory attempt to change these opportunity…

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