Robert-Jacques Turgot And The French Revolution

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Register to read the introduction… Therefore, France lost his final chance of being dragged away from the fringe of national bankruptcy. Later on, newly appointed head of finances managed to embezzle large amounts from the American Independence war in which France was duped into. A series of unfortunate events regarding French economic decisions had pushed France onto a dangerous path that had made the radical reformation as French Revolution inevitable. The uneven taxation system mentioned above that partially contributed to the financial crisis had also led to a serious social turmoil. Before the French Revolution, French society was generally considered divided into three Estates, in which first and second Estates enjoyed most taxation privileges and owned legislative power of tax imposition, while the least wealthiest or the least powerful Estate, third Estate, composed of non nobletised wealthy people and the impoverished majority of peasants and workers, had the greatest burden of paying taxation to afford the King’s extravagant life and repay debts the unable monarchs owed. This arrangement had worked well in a feudal economy, but as this burden created by the unfair taxation …show more content…
The resentment of royal privileges caused by the inequality in the social structure became one of the driving forces behind the peasants’ revolt. Economical troubles reflected serious flaws in the French social pyramid, and the inability to change this situation revealed the incompetence of young King Louis XVI.The textbook described him as “combined in his person a strong attachment to the monarchy’s absolutist doctrine with an inability to find workable solutions to the financial crisis facing his government”. He was indecisive, easily influenced and even too weak to establish his royal authority in front of the nobelists. He was induced to make a deal with the American Revolution leader under the suggestion of his corrupted financial administrator, but was left even larger war debts and no colonial territories as promised (from the Podcast 6). He was right to support Turgot to implement his taxation reform but made a terrible mistake of forcing Turgot to resign only because of rumors about Turgot planning on a riot for his throne and his insecurity and lack of confidence for maintaining his crown. He could have used his royal power to establish policies to increase taxes paid by the nobility, but again, he was irresolute, defeated by the provincial parlements and controlled by his own wife, Marie Antoinette (textbook, P550). As a result, during the reign of Louis XVI, taxes were raised multiple times and without inefficient plan to resolve food shortage

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