Risk Management In Homeland Security

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Introduction

Risks are always present whenever a decision is made especially in a matter of homeland security. Risk is defined as exposure of someone or something to danger, harm, or loss (Oxford University Press, 2016). Homeland security enterprise is the combination of federal, state, local, tribal, territorial, nongovernmental, private sector agencies, and communities that are working together as well as share a common national goal in safety and security of the nation and its people (Bullock, Haddow, & Coppola, 2013, p. 3). The 2010 Quadrennial Homeland Security Report indicated there are three key concepts serving as a foundation for a comprehensive approach to homeland security and they are security, resilience, and customs and
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One of the definitions is risk management is a systematic and an analytical process to assess threats that can potentially harm personnel or an asset (Decker, 2002, p. 3). It is also serves as to identify mitigation actions in order to reduce the risk or consequences of an attack (Decker, 2002, p. 3). The Army Technique Publication 5-19 defines risk management as a process of identifying, assessing, and controlling risks and to enable leaders to make sound decisions that can balance risk cost and benefits (Department of the Army, 2014, pp. 1-1). Another definition is according to Masse, O’Neil, & Rollins (2007), risk management is a continual process or cycle (p. 16). This continual process includes identification of risks, then measured and evaluated. It is followed by countermeasures creation, implementation and observation for their effectiveness. Masse et. al. (2007), added that in order for the process to be continuous, constant feedback is needed for decision makers’ input to improve countermeasures and consider tradeoffs between accepting or avoiding the risk (p. 16). The 2009 National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) indicated that homeland security use a risk management framework in protecting the nation’s critical infrastructures and key resources (U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2009, p. 29). This risk management framework is a continuous process that relies on continuous feedback to enhance …show more content…
The 2014 Quadrennial Homeland Security Review indicated that since there is no absolute security against threats and hazards, homeland security has to manage risks (Homeland Security, 2014, p. 32). The five core missions of homeland security enterprise according to the 2014 QHSR are: preventing terrorism and enhancing security; securing and managing the nation’s borders; enforcing and administering the immigration laws; safeguarding and securing cyberspace; ensuring resilience to disasters (Homeland Security, 2014, p. 19). These five core missions rely on risk management in order to be

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