Richard Shaw And Chris Eichbaum 's Development Of A Current New Zealand Policy

1528 Words Apr 2nd, 2015 7 Pages
The purpose of this essay is to use the policy cycle discussed in Richard Shaw and Chris Eichbaum’s (2011) ‘Public Policy in New Zealand’ to explain the development of a current New Zealand policy. The policy cycle Shaw and Eichbaum discuss includes agenda setting, policy formation, decision-making, implementation and evaluation of the policy. I will be using the 2015 increase of the minimum wage as my policy example. Throughout I will identify the key policy stakeholders. Both internal policy actors such as ministers and other governmental officials and external stakeholders such as firms, organisations and unions.
The policy development cycle is not a static and straightforward process (Shaw & Eichbaum, 2011). The consideration to increase the minimum wage begins at the evaluation stage. This is also where a large amount of the policy is formulated because the new policy must be made in relation to the outcomes of the previous minimum wage increases. This means that once the review of the minimum wage policy goes to the agenda setting phase it is usually almost completely formulated and ready for decision-making and implementation.
Policy stakeholders are those who attempt to influence the development of policy (Shaw & Eichbaum, 2011). There are two types of policy stakeholders. Internal policy actors are part of the government and have an insider’s opportunity to shape and develop the policy (Shaw & Eichbaum, 2011). The group includes cabinet, ministers, government…

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