Revision Of The Gut Microbiome Caused By Consumption Of Non Digestible Carbohydrates Effects On Diet Induced Obesity

1758 Words Oct 25th, 2016 8 Pages
Review: Alterations in the Gut Microbiome caused by Consumption of Non-Digestible Carbohydrates Counteractive Effects on Diet-Induced-Obesity

For the first time in human, the number of fatalities related to obesity outnumber those caused by malnutrition (World Health Organization [WHO] 2015). This troubling fact is followed by a second, equally concerning one, that being, for the first time in United States’s history, the next generation is predicted to have a shorter life expectancy than the previous (Dollemore). These two somber realities clearly depict one of today’s greatest adversaries: the obesity pandemic. Obesity is characterized by an excess of fat mass, resulting from both genetic and environmental factors (Turnbaugh, Gordon). In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that a staggering 1.9 billion adults were overweight, and an additional 600 million were obese (Kelly, Tanika,. 2008). A raised body mass index (BMI) is a major risk factor for cardio-metabolic disease, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), and has been shown to increase the risk of at least eleven different types of cancers (Mai V,. 2009). The true price of an increasingly obese population extends beyond the $190.2 billion spent annually on health care, for the real loss is the estimated 300,000 annual deaths that are caused by obesity and its related diseases (Kelly, Tanika,. 2008).
There are a lot of factors that have lead to this current obesity pandemic, Center for Disease…

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