Research Report- Piaget's Theory Essay

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The purpose of this report is to examine the cognitive processes of two participants while carrying out a sorting task, then link these observations to Piaget's stages of cognitive development. Cognitive development as defined by Gale Cengage (2005) is “The construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood”. Jean Piaget, French biologist and psychologist (1896-1980), developed a theory of development based on observations of children. Piaget's theory is made up of four stages of development of how the mind processes new information that is encountered: Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years),
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Comparisons between the two participants have been made regarding observations such as how many different groups were made, characteristics that the participant based their groupings on, and important observations made on their responses.

Data Observed | Child 1 | Adult 1 | Total Number of groups made | 7 | 13 | Number of groups based on visual characteristics | 1 | 6 | Number of groups based on function or purpose | 6 | 5 | Number of groups based on materials used in objects | 0 | 2 | Did the participant take note of the descriptions on each object? | NO | YES | Did the participant seek approval? | YES | NO | Was the participant distracted or lost attention during the activity? | YES | YES | Did the participant have difficulty understanding the task? | YES | NO |

Additional information- Child

Child did not take note of the descriptions of each object which included additional information to help group the items. The participant appeared excited and nervous and couldn't sit still in her chair throughout the study. She referred to previous experience in school where she had performed a similar task. Child would constantly seek approval, asking whether she was on the right track and seeking approval to start. Child enjoyed the task of physically laying out each picture neatly then placing into groups but appeared distracted and bored towards the end of the study. She focused most of

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