In the past decade the use and abuse of tobacco, alcohol, illegal drugs, and sexual intercourse has become a serious problem among teenagers. Many studies have been conducted to address this problem, such as the annual survey put out by Michigan State University. The deficiencies in these studies include the locality in which these studies are done as well as how to address these problems within a small community rather than broadband. The audiences of this study are the parents and policy makers of the small community of Yuma, Arizona. This study is important for the particular audience because Yuma is increasingly becoming a hot spot on the United States map for the use of drugs and a high teenage pregnancy rate. The goal for this
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The adolescent addict also believes that s/he is stronger than others.Some reports indicate school-related factors, such as academic failure (Bryant, Schulenberg, Bachman, O'Malley, & Johnston, 2000; Bryant & Zimmerman, 2002; Bryant, Schulenberg, Bachman, O'Malley, & Johnston, 2003; Luthar & Crushing, 1997), absenteeism, peer drug use, and psychological distress as being linked to teenage drug use (Dryfoos, 1990; Hawkins, Catalano, & Miller, 1992; Newcomb, Abbot, Catalano, Hawkins, Battin-Pearson, & Hill, 2002; Newcomb, & Bentler, 1989).
Further, teenagers who engaged in misconduct and had low school performance scores had higher tobacco, alcohol and marijuana use levels (Brook, Whiteman, Gordon, & Cohen, 1986; Bryan & Zimmerman, 2002; Hawkins & Weiss, 1985; Roeser, Eccles, & Fredman-Doan, 1999; Sanchez-Huezca et al., 2002; Smith & Fogg, 1978; Voelk & Frone, 2000). This finding is supported by a number of reports showing that teenagers with more motivation and interest in school, more positive attitudes, defined academic goals, and higher self-esteem also have a lower risk for drug use (Bachman, Johnston, & O'Malley, 1981; Schulenberg, Bachman, O'Maley, & Johnston, 1994).
Adolescent drug abuse is also linked to such family factors as faulty and triangulated communication (Klein, Forehand, Armistead, & Long, 1997), multi-problem families (Sokol,