Essay about Reality, Consciousness, And Science

1098 Words Jul 24th, 2016 null Page
Consciousness, while a difficult area to study, provides insight into the workings of the empirical world, and ultimately what it means to be human. Questions of consciousness and thought have existed from as early as the Neolithic period, since the first humans inhabited earth, seen through spiritual rituals carried out during burials. However, it could be argued that creation, whether it is the scientific or Judeo-Christian definition, was the manifestation of consciousness, and therefore reality, itself. Because of this, multiple arguments arise; however, the most significant and seemingly plausible is the debate of whether consciousness is an emergent phenomenon. Philosophers such as Descartes, Aristotle, and Plato all tackled theories of reality, consciousness, and science, however in recent years figures like David Chalmers and Daniel Dennett are exploring eliminative materialism and modern dualism in an attempt to understand and evaluate what it means to be human. The introduction of eliminative materialism and dualism together create an argument that consciousness may indeed only be the result of a junction between sense perception, and memory. This is characterised as emergent materialism. Meaning that in terms of ontology, consciousness is reducible in its own right. However, from an epistemological sense, it is not reducible for humans.

Consciousness is defined by the Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy as “the state of being aware of and responding to one’s…

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