Rationalism: The Role Of Democracy In Classical Rome

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Classical Rome was dominated by their ideas and institutions of law. The beliefs in God’s law or church law started out as an idea and ended up as an institution. The Judean section of the Roman Empire formulated God’s law. They accepted a “covenant, or pact between Yahweh, their God, and his people to obey the law, called the ten commandments.” These commandments were written in the Torah, the 5 Books of Moses. Jesus of Nazareth was a Jew that followed the Judaic message, but focused on brotherly love and love of God. This started the division of Christianity. The belief of Christian followers, or disciples, was in human love and forgiveness taught by Christ. Many of these beliefs formed into institutions of Rome. In 313 AD Constantine issued …show more content…
The political system was closely related to rationalism, or “the belief that human response or intellect is the true source of knowledge.” This thought is connected to philosophy to explain the natural or human world. Rationalists helped make a political system that needed citizen participation. This political system was democracy. An important institution to Greek democracy was the polis, which was not just a place but where you could find a citizen's civic purpose and social responsibility. Each adult man “participated in a direct democracy, which passed laws, elected chiefs of state, impeached, and tried cases by jury.” Humanism, or the belief in the human individual, affected Greek religious celebrations, arts, military, politics, and the economy. The phalanx was an important part of the military's strength. This was a group of soldiers that arrange in lines with their shields so close that they make a wall. In the military’s institution, wealth did not matter which was different from other civilizations. Anyone that had money to equip themselves was allowed to help the strong force. One of the most important institution in this civilization was the Greek gods. They reflected human people, in good and bad. They influenced the drama which questioned “human experience, questions about the place of excellence, fate, human flaws, and a person’s mastery of self and physical universe.” Greek temples were high in beauty and proportioned. Their sculpture also portrayed realistic but amazingly graceful

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