Why Did The Greeks Build The Parthenon

Superior Essays
The Greeks are well known for their temples, such as one of the biggest ones, the Parthenon. The Parthenon has been standing for thousands of years. It is a symbol of the Greeks culture and their building creations. The Parthenon was an important architectural advancement for the ancient Greeks, and it still stands strong today.
The Parthenon was built for the goddess Athena. Athena was the goddess of a lot of things including; wisdom, war, courage, inspiration, civilization, strength, and strategy (Cite 3). She was fierce and unforgiving and was known for her strategic skills. Athena was the daughter of the god, Zeus. When she was born, Hephaestus cut Zeus’ head open with an axe which she then sprang out of his head in full armor. The city
…show more content…
The Athenian army got the Persians to the see which then was the battle at the Bay of Salamis which is located near Athens. The Greeks won that battle but most of their temples were burned and destroyed. The Greeks have been reconstructing the Parthenon since the late 400’s and are still working on it.
Wealth was important to the Greeks and that is one of the reasons they built the Parthenon. Also, it was a symbol of Athenian political culture and superiority of Greek culture. The Parthenon is the largest temple in Greece (Cite 2). It was built to accommodate the Chryselephantine statue of Athena by Pheidias (Cite 1). There was originally a temple built to replace an old temple that got destroyed (Cite 4). Pericles, ordered that it should be made for Athena (Cite 5).
Power is also another important thing to the Greeks. The Greeks wanted to show how much power they had, and how important Athens was to them. In Ancient Greece, people would go into the Parthenon to worship the god Athena (Cite 7). Around 500 B.C., Athens was a wealthy state that was governed by the people which was the first democracy in the world. The Acropolis, which is part of the Parthenon, was given to the gods for worship. Then it was the center of the Greek’s religious
…show more content…
It was completed in 438 BC and only took about eight or nine years to complete. In the Parthenon, there is a monument of Athena which is about forty five feet tall. The base is 228 feet by 101 feet. It also holds the state treasury there which holds all the money. In the attic, it held all of their silver and possibly even its gold. The attic was nineteen by fifty meters. At one time, there was 3,000 talents, which is 4.5 million tetradrachms which is about $55,557,613 in American money (Cite 8).
Ictinus and Callicrates built the Parthenon and Phidias supervised. Ictinus was not known until the second half of the fifth century when he built the Parthenon. He was interested in insides of buildings which is why he wanted to build the Parthenon. He was a Greek architect and the designer of the Parthenon. Since he liked designing the interior, he also created the Mysteries at Eleusis which were the initiations of Demeter and Persephone in Ancient Greece. Callicrates was an architect in the mid fifth century. He also built the Doric temple to the god Apollo. He was the main

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Persian War Essay

    • 1039 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The city of Athens played a key role in ancient Greece. They were known for being one of the first city-states in Greece and their democracy. Even though they fought in many wars and had many different rulers, they eventually became successful. We have discussed the growth, evolution, and emergence of ancient Greece as a major power in the Mediterranean world. We have analyzed at least two interpretations of ancient Greece.…

    • 1039 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Classical Athens today is viewed as the golden age of arts and literature. Even after Greece being conquered by Macedonia, Parthenon still reminded the greeks of their cultural power with its uniqueness (Conelly). Parthenon motivated the Attalids in the 5th Century when they were faced with conquest by the fearsome Gauls. The Attalids fought the Gauls and defeated them. They were proud of their victory and even compared it to the Athenian victory over Persians.…

    • 679 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The Parthenon has long been considered a paradigm of successful Classical architecture. The construction began roughly around 500 BC and it is generally considered the zenith of the Doric order. During that time, almost every Greek city-state had an acropolis because Greek was an warring state. The Parthenon happened to be laid upon the acropolis of Athens. Its decorative sculptures were considered the pinnacle of Greek classical art.…

    • 1559 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    This was a defining moment in Ancient Greek history as this sacred building was the epitome of the Ancient Greeks. The Parthenon represented the power of Athens and the Athenians. The distinct white marbled column design of the Parthenon was later used as inspiration to many modern buildings such as the White House or the Lincoln Memorial located in the nation’s capital. Greek-inspired architecture and design have been integrated into the daily lives of many Westerns as this design symbolizes not only power and independence, but democracy…

    • 1044 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Also we will get a look into one of the famous ancient Greek theaters; Delphi. The first recorded Greek theater built was around 530 B.C. The actual name of the theater was a “theatron.” In the early starts of the Greek theater were festivals honoring the gods, and the genre of the play was tragedy. Thespis is considered to be the first known actor of Greek theater and mainly did tragedy acts. In early Greek theater they were mainly done for honoring their gods of the city it was conducted.…

    • 560 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Moreover, because Pericles tried to build a monument to commemorate the glory of Athens before (Pollitt 81), Attalos’ defeat of many invasions gave the country a superior sensation that they were responsible for protecting and inheriting the spirits of Athens as Pericles did. The several confrontations with the invasions of the Gauls were the most important parts of their victories and bronze sculptural groups were made not only to memorialize the battles (81), but also to imitate their spiritual ancestors, the Athenians. Thus, the altar of Zeus might be the biggest monument they built for their victories. King Eumenes II, on the other hand, was the crucial leader on the battlefield due to his sagacity and resourcefulness, who succeed his father and brought his kingdom unparalleled growth (81). It is noteworthy that, in a vital battle happened around 184/3 BC, Pergamon incorporated the territory of the Gauls (81).…

    • 2201 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ancient Greek Empires

    • 1135 Words
    • 5 Pages

    In the height of Ancient Greek civilization, wars displayed Greek unity and power against foreigners, such as the Trojan Wars (1260-1180 B.C. ), and the Persian War (490-479 B.C.). There is no doubt the Greeks were not militarily strong. The greatest and strongest of all these militaries in Ancient Greece were the Spartans. Between the years 431 and 404 B.C., the Spartans and Athenians broke out in war, called the Peloponnesian Wars.…

    • 1135 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Oh Mighty Greeks! The Ancient Greeks from the Greek Golden Age (c.a.480-430 B.C.E) up to the culmination of the Classical Style during the Hellenistic Age (323-30 B.C.E), were able to build one of the greatest empires the world has ever seen. We all have probably heard stories from the Ancient Greeks in our lives, but no until we research and study in depth their culture, one cannot fully understand the magnitude of the legacy of their classical culture. Due to the Ancient Greeks influence in visual arts, sports, politics, philosophy, literature, and architecture, our culture today still follows their legacy established by heroic leaders, pioneering philosophers and unique mathematicians. Because of all these attributes, one can say that the…

    • 1415 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They steadily migrated around the coast and also occupied two-thirds of eastern Sicily. At first, the Greeks only had indirect influence on Rome through the Etruscans, but it was the Roman conquest of southern Italy and Sicily that led them into direct contact with the Romans. Nearly every aspect of Roman life was impacted by the Greeks; from religion and education to literature and philosophy. They provided artistic and cultural ideas and practices through their architecture, literature, and sculpture, Greek tutors were hired by rich Romans, and Greek slaves taken in wars were used in Roman households. Greek religion had the most impact on Rome; the Romans essentially adopted their gods and goddesses from the Greeks, meaning they shared similar roles and responsibilities.…

    • 996 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Statue Of Artemis Essay

    • 941 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The Statue of Zeus and the Temple of Artemis are two of the Seven Wonders of The World. They were both magnificent structures, before they were destroyed. The Statue of Zeus One of the most mysterious structures in the world lies in ruins in Olympia, Greece. Near Mount Olympia lies the Statue of Zeus, it was once in the Temple of Zeus. Upon completion it stood forty-three feet tall, with shining, white ivory.…

    • 941 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays