The Importance Of The Greek Parthenon
The Parthenon was built for the goddess Athena. Athena was the goddess of a lot of things including; wisdom, war, courage, inspiration, civilization, strength, and strategy (Cite 3). She was fierce and unforgiving and was known for her strategic skills. Athena was the daughter of the god, Zeus. When she was born, Hephaestus cut Zeus’ head open with an axe which she then sprang out of his head in full armor. The city …show more content…
The Athenian army got the Persians to the see which then was the battle at the Bay of Salamis which is located near Athens. The Greeks won that battle but most of their temples were burned and destroyed. The Greeks have been reconstructing the Parthenon since the late 400’s and are still working on it.
Wealth was important to the Greeks and that is one of the reasons they built the Parthenon. Also, it was a symbol of Athenian political culture and superiority of Greek culture. The Parthenon is the largest temple in Greece (Cite 2). It was built to accommodate the Chryselephantine statue of Athena by Pheidias (Cite 1). There was originally a temple built to replace an old temple that got destroyed (Cite 4). Pericles, ordered that it should be made for Athena (Cite 5).
Power is also another important thing to the Greeks. The Greeks wanted to show how much power they had, and how important Athens was to them. In Ancient Greece, people would go into the Parthenon to worship the god Athena (Cite 7). Around 500 B.C., Athens was a wealthy state that was governed by the people which was the first democracy in the world. The Acropolis, which is part of the Parthenon, was given to the gods for worship. Then it was the center of the Greek’s religious …show more content…
It was completed in 438 BC and only took about eight or nine years to complete. In the Parthenon, there is a monument of Athena which is about forty five feet tall. The base is 228 feet by 101 feet. It also holds the state treasury there which holds all the money. In the attic, it held all of their silver and possibly even its gold. The attic was nineteen by fifty meters. At one time, there was 3,000 talents, which is 4.5 million tetradrachms which is about $55,557,613 in American money (Cite 8).
Ictinus and Callicrates built the Parthenon and Phidias supervised. Ictinus was not known until the second half of the fifth century when he built the Parthenon. He was interested in insides of buildings which is why he wanted to build the Parthenon. He was a Greek architect and the designer of the Parthenon. Since he liked designing the interior, he also created the Mysteries at Eleusis which were the initiations of Demeter and Persephone in Ancient Greece. Callicrates was an architect in the mid fifth century. He also built the Doric temple to the god Apollo. He was the main