Quantitative Qualitative Research Essay

1542 Words May 12th, 2011 7 Pages
In this essay I will be comparing and contrasting Quantitative and Qualitative research methods, discussing the Epistemology, methodology, and the varying techniques each method uses. The essay will also take a brief look at the Ethical considerations of research using relevant psychology examples. Here, when considering the epistemology behind both research methods, we must see it in terms of our essential philosophy of ideas and concepts and the ways in which it can be shaped (Pidgeon & Henwood, 1997, p. 247). The methodology behind the approaches looks at the requirements to carrying out successful research (Fox, 2011, slide 3). Arguably, one of the major differences between the two would be the methods involved in applying both …show more content…
Ethnography looks at spending time in a setting to gain a stronger knowledge on how the decisions of the people within the environment make decisions (Fox, 2011, slide 30), Observational Research which can involve either concealed or ‘undercover’ research, and alternatively, research in which the research is a participant also (Fox, 2011, slide 31). Interviewing can take place in either individual or group settings, and is a great approach to a more exploratory means of research (Fox, 2011, slide 33). Action Research is a research method that is more or less motivated by a hunger to make a difference to the environments being researched. This form of research is more politically driven and challenges the notion that science must be kept separate from social change (Fox, 2011, slide 35)

When carrying out research in psychology ethical concerns are fast becoming an increasingly important issue for not only the researchers, but for society too. Ethical concerns need be addressed before commencement of, during, and in cases too after the research has taken place. To ensure the well-being of all participants, human and animal, it is essential for proposals for research to be reviewed before commencement (Schweigert, 2006, p.21-40). Processes and designs should be reviewed by Institutional Review Boards, formed with professionals with a diverse knowledge of proposals with human participants (Schweigert, 2006, p.22),

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