# Qualitative And Nonparametric Statistics

902 Words 4 Pages
This paper will seek to explain the difference between quantitative and qualitative data, as well as how quantitative data can be collected using continuous and discrete variables. Parametric and nonparametric statistics will be discussed in relation to different variables, and how they can be used to analyze collected data. Examples connected to personality testing will be given and related to possible best uses for various types of information and data. Additional information may be presented as it applies to various concepts or the topics discussed.
Variables
The primary methods of research can be categorized as quantitative or qualitative, and both can be used to answer questions in the behavioral sciences, such as psychology. Each one is different in how assessment and data gathering is done, and each involves a different realm of inquiry. Quantitative data is information obtained through measurement and relayed via numerical form (Smith, 2015). Qualitative data are usually displayed through descriptions, rather than numbers, and is therefore more difficult to measure or analyze than
Personality is a continuous variable which differs from one person to another. Using a test such as the MBTI makes nonparametric statistics usable by considering only discrete variables, but does so at the cost of accuracy. On the other hand, the NEO-PI tries to capture as much information as possible and converts it into numerical form, which allows for a greater amount of statistical operations to be performed. However, in terms of development or team building, the use of discrete variables may give simpler and more tangible information, as seen with the MBTI. Ultimately though, the NEO-PI, or similar tests which use continuous variables and parametric statistics, would give a better indication of an individual’s personality for situations such as employee

• ## Strengths And Weaknesses Of Qualitative And Quantitative Research

717-718). While some consider this lack of relationship and contact between the researcher and the participant to be a weakness, others consider it as a positive because it allows the researcher to remain as unbiased and objective as possible (Carr, 1994, p. 717). Another strength is that from the randomised large scale sampling that is typically used; quantitative research results usually have a higher reliability and increased chances of being able to be more generalised than qualitative research (Carr, 1994; Liamputtong,…

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• ## Difference Between Inductive And Quantitative Research Methods

The data in quantitative research is wide in range but not deep while quantitative is not wide in range but is deep a rich with in-depth information (Gerschick). Data analysis is very different between the two because while both are gathering information about a social aspect the researcher is studying, qualitative gathers and analyzes information through transcripts and coding; quantitative analyses the research through statistical analyses with a much larger sample (Gerschick). Although both have different approaches each must posses validity and reliability in order to be taken seriously. Validity and reliability allow the research to be agreed across the board with concepts and being further applicable on different social…

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• ## Strengths And Weaknesses Of Qualitative Research Essay

For example, a weakness of qualitative research is knowledge produced might not generalize to other people or other settings. It is more difficult to make qualitative predictions and test hypothesis with larger participant pools. Quantitative research allows the researcher to put items into buckets, or calculate statistics. Quantitative research is used for testing and validating already constructed theories about how and why phenomena occur and testing hypothesis before the data is collected. Quantitative research can generalize research findings when the data is based on random samples.…

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• ## Disadvantages Of Quantitative Vs. Qualitative Methods

Quantitative Vs Qualitative methods Quantitative methods are generally used by positivists because they try to produce contributory explanations or even scientific laws regarding the world. They do not simply support the concept of natural science in their ontology and epistemology, but also use the same techniques. Yet, their methods frequently result in numbers, which are subsequently analysed for a final report or result. They aim to have no interpretation in the analysis but exact and direct causations which are indisputable. The advantages of this method are that the data could be grouped, condensed, and subjected to statistical analyses.…

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• ## 5 Steps Of Qualitative Data

When compared to quantitative studies, qualitative studies may be viewed by some as a weaker research approach because data collection is not based on formulas and mathematical equations (Fontes & Piercy, 2000, p.175). Rather, data is collected in a more personal way, through observations, interview questions, documents, and audiovisual information. Participants in the study do not have to be random, rather they can be hand picked by the researcher for specific purposes. Qualitative research provides researchers a way to understand individual perspectives and develop in-depth understandings. Many guidelines are outlined in chapters 7 and 8 (Creswell, 2015, p. 203-264) to ensure researchers employ scientific measures to ensure quality qualitative…

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• ## Pros And Disadvantages Of Qualitative Research

While only recently increased in popularity, qualitative research similarly to quantitative research possesses numerous advantages. Qualitative research provides an in-depth, detailed analysis of data, creating openness to topic areas not initially considered by the numerical studies of quantitative research. Also, qualitative research attempts to avoid pre-judgements, simulating people’s individual experiences in order to develop accurate data results about not only numerical evidence, but how people act and feel about particular actions. (Learn Higher,…

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• ## Importance Of Personality Theory

There are two types of research; qualitative and quantitative. Quantitative research (which this Personality Theories class is based on), involves hypothesis testing, where predictions are made on the hypothesis (Jameson, PPT presentation). The researcher tests the hypothesis with the data collected in the research. Whereas the purpose of qualitative research is to understand and interpret social interactions and often involves people observation, and can also take the form of conducting interviews and asking people open ended questions (avoiding leading questions) like: ‘what do you feel about that?’. In quantitative research, a researcher uses assessment techniques, otherwise known as instruments (like questionnaires and surveys) to be able to predict a conclusion.…

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• ## Distinction Between Qualitative And Quantitative

According to Creswell (2014), when conducting a study with a qualitative methodology, researchers are able to focus more on the differences of each individual participant, as opposed to quantitative research which tends to look for similarities or differences between large groups of participants. Although the previous statement is generally valid, there are some counterexamples to its claim; behavioral analysts use quantitative methods and also study the individual. While the observations of qualitative research tend to be less universal, or replicable, in comparison to quantitative observations, social scientists may have other motivations for choosing to avoid the use of descriptive/inferential statistics. If a researcher’s goal was to study how a specific organization operates efficiently, it would be…

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• ## Advantages Of Qualitative Research

Quantitative research can be skewed, because not all financial information is documented. Also, researchers heavily influence what leads they follow and have a significant impact on the outcome of their studies, which means both methods can be manipulated to an extent. (Reference.com,…

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• ## Adams And Aizawa's Arguments For The Limits Of Cognition

While the extended mind theory seems like a more diverse idea, the bounds of cognition cater to common sense. It is important to keep things as simple as possible and one cannot get more simple than common sense. The extended mind seems to have more loopholes as well, so I think it is easier to disprove than to…

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