Essay on Qualitative And Quantitative Research Methods
As varied as the research topics that are available to researchers, the methodologies associated with quantitative and qualitative research are equally diverse. Once a problem has been identified, the researcher must then decide on the type of data to collect and the methodologies to collect it. What follows is a discussion of three types of qualitative research methods, a description of three quantitative research methods, and examples of each type of research in dissertations completed by students at Northcentral University. Additionally, best practices in dissertation completion for qualitative research will be discussed.
Qualitative Research Methods
Qualitative research is defined by Creswell (2014) as “a means for exploring and understanding the meaning individuals or groups ascribe to a social or human problem” (p. 246). Qualitative data is collected in the natural setting of the problem, and can include open-ended survey questions, personal interviews, or observations (Leedy & Ormond, 2010). What follows is an exploration of three qualitative research methods, which are phenomenological case studies, grounded theory studies, and content analyses.
Phenomenological Case Study
The word phenomenological was defined by Bass (2008) as, “comprehending the environment above and beyond the objective environment” (p. 1215). Based on philosophy and psychology, phenomenological research describes events as recollected by those who…