Psychology And The Social Learning Theory Essay examples

1353 Words Oct 14th, 2016 6 Pages
Throughout history there has been many different psychologists who have each theorised their own different approaches to further the knowledge of human behaviour and psychology; undertaking several social and scientific experiments in an effort to provide validity to their studies. Taking a closer look into the ‘Behaviourism’ approach and the Social Learning Theory one can describe and evaluate each perspective to help better understand the theories and gain and slight insight into the validity.

John B. Watson started the idea of behaviourism when he wrote an article called ‘Psychology as the behaviourist sees it’ commonly referred to as the ‘Behaviourist manifesto’ (1913). In this he states that behaviourism is the theory that all behaviour is learned from past and present experiences a person has had in life and in their environment; suggesting that everything is born with a ‘clean slate’ or tabula rasa and learning is all observational and not instinctive. Assuming that we are rather quite simple creatures (barely differing from animals) and all behaviour is acquired via 3 different behavioural techniques, classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational conditioning/learning.
Classical conditioning refers to the learning of a behaviour through association from a stimulus. Main findings resulting from the experiment by Ivan Pavlov (1901) ‘Pavlov’s dogs’ and the more ethically audacious experiment by Watson and Rayner (1920) ‘Little Albert’. Operant…

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