Summary: The Consequences Of Smoking
Yet, several other studies show that social and environmental factors have shown that pregnant women are more likely to smoke if they are less educated, live in rented accommodations, are either unskilled blue-collar workers or unemployed, and have more friends or relatives who smoke. However, psychological factors including depression, anxiety and low self-esteem, plays an important role in smoking behavior. In the same way pregnant women who smoke display the same characteristics. These psychological factors play a critical role in the process of quitting smoking. Additionally, studies have shown how smoking operates as a coping mechanism, and how smokers believe that cigarettes help them cope with negative emotions. Coping is defined as “cognitive and behavioral efforts to reduce or tolerate the external and/or external demands that are created by stress.” That is why pregnant smokers may smoke because they have fewer resources available to cope with life stressors. It is more likely a pregnant smoker will choose to buy cigarettes due to its cheap price. In order for them to test whether these variables, they conducted a cross-sectional study between smoking and non-smoking pregnant women. The came up with three different …show more content…
First of all, the number of women used for this study was smaller than what a study would use. Secondly, the most important factor I think they messed up on was not performing this questionnaire to women who were at the same stages of their pregnancy. In either case, these findings contribute to providing help for pregnant women to benefit from specific support to quit smoking.
Conclusion of paper Ultimately, the main point of this paper is to inform the readers that smoking during a pregnancy is there a bright option. According to the American Pregnancy Association, over 1,000 babies in the U.S. die each year because their moms smoked during their pregnancy. There is many resources available that can help a mother cope with this habit. The benefits of this action are great, but the process is indeed hard. Although this is a tough journey, think of final step of this journey. A healthy baby is the greatest news a mother can ever