Psychological Effects Of Childhood Abuse

2002 Words 9 Pages
Irsa Shahzadi
Professor Moshe Winograd
Introductory Child Psychology 2210
May, 1st, 2016

The Effects of Childhood Abuse

When a caregiver deliberately harms a minor physically, emotionally, sexually, or by acts of neglect, it is classified as a crime of child abuse. According to the Child Help organization a report of child abuse is made every 10 seconds in the United States. The United States has one of the worst records of child abuse in the leading industrial nations by losing four to seven children per day to child abuse and neglect. The organization also concluded that child abuse has a prevalence rate of 28.3%, sexual abuse has 20.7%, and emotional abuse has a rate of 10.6% in America. In a U.S. Department of Health and
…show more content…
Studies indicate that the quality and quantity of these interactions affect the child’s brain development. It is vital to meet the child’s necessities during this stage to create emotional stability and emotional security for a healthy brain development. When a child is repeatedly involved in stressful situations it damages their brain 's stress response, which becomes more active and less adaptive. Over time the child starts to react as if danger is always present regardless of what the situation is presenting. When a child is exposed to violence and abuse, they have a higher risk for emotional and behavioral problems in the future along with having difficulty regulating their emotions. “Childhood sexual abuse has been associated with an increased risk for the development of many psychiatric disorders, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), borderline personality disorder, major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, bulimia nervosa, alcohol dependence, and drug dependence” (An Epidemiologic Study of Childhood Sexual Abuse and Adult Sleep Disturbances, 198). Cases of abuse have also been linked with higher risk for heart, lung, and liver diseases, obesity, cancer, higher blood pressure, and high cholesterol. The lasting effects of abuse not only follows the …show more content…
Compared to children with no abuse related history, children in grades 6, 9, and 12 were 28% more likely to use drugs like marijuana, weed, and alcohol. Biologically the child can inherit the genes that increase their risk of alcoholism, especially if one of the parent or grandparents abused drugs. National Alliance on Mental Illness reported that 1 out of every 5 drug abuser has a history of drug abuse in their household along with physical abuse. Often drugs are used to get away from a stressful environment but if a child matures seeing family members using drugs the act of taking drugs becomes normalized. Therefore, whenever there is a stressful situation in life the child will turn to drugs to get

Related Documents