Psychodynamic Theories Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Psychology Essay

1532 Words Oct 11th, 2015 7 Pages
Psychodynamic Theories Sigmund Freud believed that human personality is a reflection of the emotions and thoughts that we are unaware of, known as the unconscious. He theorized that the personality is made of the id, ego and superego. This id is present at birth and consists of sexual and aggressive instincts driven by the pleasure principle which demands immediate fulfilment of desires without pain. The ego tries to pleasure this id, but through the reality principle which acts on reasoning and only fulfils the id’s desires when it is safe to do so in the real world. The superego, or conscience acts on morals absorbed through culture. Freud stated that when the ego does not satisfy the id and superego, an individual experiences anxiety and may utilize a defense mechanism to reduce this anxiety. The defense mechanisms are denial: the refusal to recognize the existence of a painful reality, repression: keeping facts out of conscious awareness, projection: accusing another individuals of possessing the repressed thought or feeling, identification: applying the traits of a person in power to oneself in order to feel more powerful, regression: returning to childlike or immature states, intellectualization: stripping away emotions by thinking about them objectively, reaction formation: expressing one extreme but meaning the other, displacement: expressing an emotions intended for one individual or situation onto an alternate, and sublimation: rechanneling repressed urges into…

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