The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism

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The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation in 1517 when he nailed the 95 Theses on the door of Wittenberg Cathedral. The most basic of Luther’s ideas were …
The Bible or scripture was the source of God’s word
People were saved by the grace of God (salvation comes as an undeserved gift from God).
People are saved by having faith in Christ, not by any “good works” the person could have done. John Calvin preached Calvinism that stressed “predestination”.
A Basic Christian doctrine was outlined in a document in 1536 called the “Institutes of the Christian Religion.”
It said people were sinful.
It said only the predestined would go to Heaven. A Calvinist was known to see signs
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Seeds of Colonial Unity and Independence
The New England Confederation was set up in 1643
It was made of 4 colonies, which held the main goal of defense.
The colonies were Puritan only C. Confederation was weak but, it was a large step toward American unity. 2) Colonies were allowed to be semi-autonomous commonwealths. 3) Charles II intended to make his control over the colonies stricter
He was surprised to find how independence had begun in the American colonies
Massachusetts’ charter was revoked in 1684.
10. Andros Promotes the First American Revolution
The Dominion of New England was created as an arm of the king in 1686
The Navigation Acts had a limit on American trade to the British Empire
Smuggling flourished.
Sir Edmund Andros headed the Dominion.
He established headquarters in areas of Boston that caused trouble
He was associated with the Church of England D. Andros quickly laid the law without hesitation: he curbed town meetings, he revoked land titles and he taxed the people that didn’t have representation. E. William and Mary were given the British throne in the Revolution.
New England fell apart.
Andros dressed like a woman thinking he could sneak away 2) Changed came, but not as Puritans had
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Old Netherlanders at New Netherland
The Netherlands rebelled and won their independence in the 1500s
The 1600s were the Golden Age for the Dutch
The Dutch East India Company was set up to trade with the world.
The company built army of 10,000 men and a fleet of 190 ships for protection.
The East India Company did all of its business in the Spice Islands of Indonesia 4) The Dutch West India Company did all their work in the Caribbean
The West India Company was smaller and weaker by a landslide
It was easier to do as much raiding as trading. 5) Henry Hudson looked for new areas. He sailed into Delaware Bay, New York Bay, then the Hudson River. New Netherland was born after he claimed the area.
The Dutch West India Company bought the island of Manhattan from the local Indians.
New Amsterdam was set up as a company town 6) To promote settlement, patroonships were given promoters who’d settle 50 people in the colony.
Because of these patroonships, New Amsterdam developed a new flavor. 7) New Amsterdam attracted a variety of people.
A Jesuit missionary recorded 18 different languages being used in the city.
12. Friction with English and Swedish Neighbors
The Dutch were evil to the Indians, but the Indians fought

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