Pros And Cons Of Cognitive Behavior Theory

1061 Words 4 Pages

Which theory is most attractive to you and why?

The theory that attracts me most is Cognitive Behavior Theory (CBT). The reason is not so much what it claims to be, instead what it does. CBT teaches the brain a new way of learning and seeing things in the world. The client will learn to slow racing thoughts and consider whether their beliefs are rational or not. I like that CBT can:
• Help the client become more rational instead of allowing automatic negative thoughts (ANTs) and feelings to control the brain.
• Help the client learn strategies to stop unwanted thinking and learn to think clearly and rationally.
• Help the client feel more in control of their thoughts and belief systems. They develop
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Client centered theory - Initiated by Carl Rogers in the 1940s and 1950s. This is one of the most commonly used techniques in psychotherapy. Therapists help clients find their own solutions to their problems by generating a non-judgmental, comfortable atmosphere so that the clients can open up without hesitation.

• It helps clients feel comfortable around the therapist
• The clients don 't have to worry about confidentiality and judgement
• The relationship between the therapist and the client may grow tighter/stronger. A developed therapeutic alliance
• Some clients may feel awkward about talking to his/her therapist about personal things.
• Very sensitive clients may get offended or hurt by the therapist’s truthful remarks.
• Clients may be timid and not be able to open up freely.

Behaviorism Theory - Saw this definition awhile back. Helps me better understand Behaviorism Theory. The big idea - consequences of behavior effect behavior, responses resulting in satisfying consequences are learned. Behavioral theories explain learning in terms of environmental
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Client centered theory - A client centered approach to therapy is beneficial to those who suffer from substance abuse issues over other confrontational approaches to therapy. Client centered therapy allows clients to reflect on their personal experiences and learn from the experiences of others. Client centered therapy is suggested for those dealing of substance or chemical dependency as the therapy examines the client’s perspective and its relation to reality.
Sets up a safe environment for the clients to feel free to explore aspects of themselves.
Behaviorism Theory - The basic assumptions of Behavioral Theories and substance abuse is Human behavior is largely learned, rather than determined by genetic factors. Therefor the same learning processes that creates problem behaviors can be used to change them. According to behavioral theory, changes in behavior come about through learning new behaviors. Some techniques and training in these areas that are usually applied with this theory include:
• Coping Skills Training
• Managing thoughts and cravings for use.
• Anger management.
• Relaxation skills.
• Substitute pleasant activities for old

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