Process Safety Management Process in Oiland Gas Industry Essay

2652 Words Oct 9th, 2012 11 Pages

Process Safety Management in oil and gas operations involves a risk management system that focuses on identifying and controlling the hazards arising from oil and gas Processes.Process safety management in oil and gas operations has proven quite a big challenge for oil and gas operators and stake holders involved in the industry. Oil gas and operations involves a complex process that is characterised with hazardous substances, if not controlled and managed properly could lead to major accidents. Since the inception of oil and gas industry, it has recorded series of process related incidents which have led to the development of various process management principles and system aimed at controlling the risks involved in
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The series of accidents also drew great attention from the public and government which led to formulation of various rules, legislation, standards and directives. Europe enacted the seveso directives in response to seveso accidents (COMAH in the UK), U.S.A OSHA established a formal rule for Process Safety Management and EPA risk Management plan regulations, the offshore case regulation was the response in UK for piper alpha (Harstad and Veritas 2008). Though both regulation in the U.S.A and Europe had common approach, the U.S.A was a mixture of performance based and prescriptive regulations and emphasized more on process safety management systems whereas Europe was performance based regulations and led greater emphasis of risk assessment. The recognizance of the seriousness of consequences and mechanisms of causation and emergence of the various regulations led to shift of the focus of operators in oil and gas operations towards a more systematic way of managing their process safely (CREEDY 2004).

The early part of the 21st century still witnessed process related incident in oil and gas operations despite the rules and regulations in placed. Series of process related incidents occurred even after the advent of legislations and standard at curbing process

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