Prevention Measures At Tsunami Inundation Zones Essays

1205 Words Aug 1st, 2016 null Page
Prevention measures are aimed at minimizing the impact of a tsunami in terms of loss of life, primarily by reducing the density of occupancy in tsunami inundation zones, especially for tsunami run-up areas. As shown in Table 3, prevention measures mainly refer to land use management such as open land development regulations, planning and zoning, and open space preservation. For example, open space preservation refers to the maintenance or to the conversion of specific at-risk areas to parks or agriculture land.
Property protection measures such as acquisition, relocation, and rebuilding can also be used as mitigation measures in order to protect critical facilities (e.g., hospitals, Emergency Operation Centers [EOC], schools, and so on). Property protection measures are very effective (Berke & Batley, 2009) but they are also among the most expensive mitigation strategies (Rossi, Wright & Weber-Burdin, 1982). Acquisition relates to the purchase of a building or an area that is considered under threat, usually by a public entity. Once the site is purchased, it is no longer possible to build anything on it. Acquisition is generally followed by relocation and therefore rebuilding. For example, if a school lies in a flood or tsunami inundation area, the land on which the school is built can be acquired and the school relocated and rebuilt in a safer area.
Public education and awareness include those activities aimed at improving the chances of survival and people’s…

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