Pre Modernism, Postmodernism, And Postmodernism Essay
1) Pre-modernism, Modernism, and Postmodernism
A. Describe the differences among these three worldviews.
• Pre-modernism is based on Thomas Aquinas, Plato and Aristotle. People got their knowledge from authoritative sources. Takes place in high point in 13th c. CE. In pre-modernism sources of authority is in the West, the church, being the holders and interpreters of revealed knowledge, were the primary authority source in premodern. Science and Religion work together in uncovering reality. Pre-modernity is pre-industrialized living patters.
• Modernism- is based on Erasmus, Galileo, Descartes, Kant and Michelangelo. People got their knowledge from two approaches to knowing became dominant in the modern period: Empiricism (knowing only through the senses) and reason. Often, science and reason were collaboratively or in conjunction with each other. Both were seen to be evidence of the capability of the human mind unaided by religion. Society that is striving to continually move forward to its evolving idea, values and innovation.
• Postmodernism- is based on Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, and Jacques Derrida. People based their knowledge on how postmodernism advocates multiple ways of knowing. This can include premodern ways (revelation) and modern ways (science and reason), along with many other ways of knowing such as intuition and spiritual. Main role of reason becomes to critique culture and knowledge: “All truth is local.” “There are no…