Power And Influence Essay

2255 Words 10 Pages
Engaging others to work with the leader.
Effective leadership in a complex and ambiguous world environment where authority structures are less dominant and organisational boundaries are more fluid requires leaders to be able to build effective and productive relationships with a range of people. The more diffuse nature of power and authority means that leaders are more likely to have to develop the quality of relationships as a means of influencing others. This essay examines how this aspect of leadership practice has been analysed in the research literature. First the essay defines key understandings of influence and power, and the importance of social and economic exchanges in the establishing the influence of the leader. Next the essay considers
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Power is the ability to get something done if an actor chooses, often defined as influence in this capacity (Lucas & Baxter, 2011). Power, the, is the ability of an actor to influence decisions and resources (Anderson & Berdahl, 2002). Power is purely the authority to change the behaviour of a subject, in some circumstances making them do something they otherwise wouldn’t (Hollander, 2009). Power can be used for right or wrong through the use of force or coercion, and when used offers the subject no other option but to comply (Lucas & Baxter, 2011). Influence is the ability to alter the subject’s perceptions, convinced that what they are doing is right for the cause (Lucas & Baxter, 2011). Influence is purely persuasive in nature and does not any way coerce a subject through sanctions or rewards (Hollander, 2009). The difference between both power and influence is that power is the authority that makes people do things but influence is the ability to change one’s own perception or view and why they need to do the …show more content…
The issues that arise in follower empowerment occur when leaders don’t release responsibility or have trust in their follower’s and the boundaries of decision making become blurred. As stated in the leader-member exchange theory followers that are in the out-group that have little added responsibility will work for the leader at a mediocre standard and those in the in-group require the added responsibilities as the success of the organisation is imperative to them, the issue arises at the point when the follower lacks responsibility. The consequence of a lack of responsibility is that the follower isn’t responsible for the results and thus shall only work to the required standard. Tied into the followers’ responsibility is the decision making boundaries between the leader and the follower, at what point does the requirement for a follower to make the decisions transfer to that of the leader, and the impact of the follower making decisions that are overturned by the leader or decisions that aren’t made by the follower resulting in consequences. If blurred boundaries of the decision making responsibility exists between the leaders the as stated consequences occur and the follower can feel underpowered, the decisions they made were wrong or the

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