Power Accessible For Managers By John R. P French And Bertram Raven

713 Words Sep 10th, 2015 3 Pages
In 1960 John R. P French and Bertram Raven identified five bases of power accessible to managers (Victor, 2015). These five sources of power are legitimate, reward, coercive, expert, and referent (Jones & George, 2015, p. 435). Legitimate power not with the person; is granted to the position held in an organization’s hierarchy. Reward power is gained by rewarding subordinates for jobs well done, however the rewards must the expectancy of subordinates or the power ultimately fails. Coercive power is based on using fear to intimidate subordinates to carry out tasks. Expert power is based in the distinct knowledge, skills, and expertise that a leader possesses. Referent power is a function of the personal characteristics of leader that result in subordinates’ admiration, respect, and trustworthiness of and to the leader (Jones & George, 2015).
Sources of Power
Managers at all hierarchy levels, cultures, and organizations have their style of management. Linda, previous manager of the wardrobe department, had legitimate power, reward power, and coercive power. Her power was in the position she held and not within her. Linda’s power to reward for jobs well done and to encourage her subordinates was used as a form of discipline which greatly discourage subordinates and diminish their output. Linda’s personal leadership style was ineffective in her organization. Her employees generally were non-motivated, performed poorly, dissatisfied, and her department was highly unprofitable.…

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