Postmodernism, By Jean Francois Lyotard Essay

2006 Words Dec 14th, 2016 9 Pages
Postmodernism itself means, “after present times,” but how can we be in an age of something past the present? It is a way of thinking that’s easy to identify but rather hard to define, though world renowned french philosopher Jean-Francois Lyotard tried to in his research as, “Simplifying to the extreme, I define postmodernism as incredulity toward metanarratives.” The beauty of postmodernism is the subtle, the things you might not catch the first few viewings, and often appear to pay homage to some older tale, but actually mock it. Postmodernism seeks to challenge what we’ve held as truth through tradition and force people to use their brains for themselves. In this work, Gilliam worked to actively create layers of this movie using a Matryoshka Doll Effect, which allows the spectators to view between the layers and create truth for themselves. I believe that Gilliam’s use of the Matryoshka Doll Effect is the cornerstone of this postmodern movie, effectively layering the different styles of postmodernism and weaving the layers onto each scene. The first obvious layer, is the homage to the monomyth, The Hero’s Journey. Gilliam follows the core stages of this journey, presenting the movie as if to be a remake of the renown Arthurian myth. In each of these stages the second layer sits as a collection of references within each stage to other monomyths, but with a twist. The twist always has a way of making the classic epics test your attentiveness. The final layer requires…

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