Pope Urban II Gave A Speech Essay

1100 Words Mar 5th, 2016 5 Pages
In 1095 at the Council of Clermont in France, Pope Urban II gave a speech that would affect the church for many years to come. He declared that church was going to try and get the Holy Land back from the Seljuk Turks in battles that would be known as the Crusades. Since the mid-seventh century, the Muslims had controlled the Holy Land and had prevented Catholics from entering Jerusalem to make pilgrimages. The Catholics saw gaining the Holy Land back as a sacred duty because the Muslims were seen to be “enemies of Christ”. “Deus lo Volt”, which means God wills it, was chanted after hearing the Pope’s speech and soon became the motto for these wars. Little did the Crusaders know that they were going to face 300 years of fighting with the Holy Land still out of their control.
The need for the Crusades all started in February 638, when the Catholic bishop of Jerusalem, Sophronius, had to surrender his city to the Arab Muslims. A large army had protected Jerusalem, but it wasn’t enough to hold up against the constant attacks. The Arab leader was Caliph Umar who was known as the “Commander of the Faithful.” He was respectful of the Catholics living in Jerusalem and let them continue to practice their faith. In fact, some Catholics even preferred him over past rulers because there wasn’t any interference with their faith and there were no high taxes. However, the Catholics would not be satisfied with their rulers for long.
In the 11th century, the Seljuk Turks had become…

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