Politics Essay

685 Words Jun 19th, 2015 3 Pages
Coalition government can possibly have a greater influence on the position of prime minister than any other factor or event. As prime ministers have always had to be mindful about what could pass in the Commons, prime ministers in single party government had important knob to maintain the party in check (patronage powers, institutional (agenda setting) powers, information powers). In a coalition government there is a more formal need to get the approval of the other party.
The experience of coalition government has strengthened the prime ministerial power as it has given the prime minister more power from both parties. The prime minister has a minority party that he can run as well as his own party, which makes him have an advantage of
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This can make less cover on immigration and European union. Also, the coalition has given the prime minister and his government a solid majority in the House of Commons. The government has not lost a single vote in the Commons since the Coalition which is a great success. This is significant as having a coalition for the first time in a long time has gained some useful authority within the government.
Another factor that has strengthened the prime ministerial power is that the prime ministers makes a number of promotions and demotions at once, substantially changing the composition of their cabinet, which is referred to as a 'cabinet reshuffle'. this gives prime ministers a real edge because they can surround themselves with like minded allies who share the same policy aim. for example Thatcher replaced the 'wets' with the 'dries' who shared her vision. David Cameron has also appointed a member of fellow modernising conservatives to his cabinet. Due to the fused executive and legislative branch, these reshuffles can be a good opportunity to reward the loyal backbench MPs with promotion, demote unpopular or 'failing' ministers. It's a good way to keep control.
On the other hand, some people may argue that the coalition government has weakened the prime ministerial power as because of the coalition agreement between the two parties, key appointments have to be agreed with Nick Clegg.

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