Policy Brief : Deforestation And Climate Change Essay
Deforestation is one of the largest global environmental issues. Deforestation is the mass clearing of forestland, often due to farming and logging. Farming clears forests for large areas of crops and animal grazing. Logging cuts down trees to produce paper products.1
From 2000 to 2005, Nigeria had about 56 percent of forestland lost from deforestation. Nearly 38 percent of forest cover was lost from 1990 to 2005.2 The annual rate of deforestation is 3.5 percent. This rate is equivalent to about 350,000 hectares (one hectare is equal to 10,000 square meters).3 In Nigeria, unregulated logging is a cause of deforestation, which is largely an issue of government inaction. Also, agriculture in Nigeria contributes to deforestation as more land is being cleared for cattle grazing. Agriculture also depletes soil nutrients, meaning that it is difficult for trees to grow on the same land once it is gone.4 Impoverished communities also clear trees for fuel. In areas that cannot afford or have access to kerosene, trees are cut and used as an alternative. Clearing forests for fuel is also a source of income for many in rural areas.
Deforestation has a devastating impact on the environment. When forests are cleared, deforestation does not only deplete nutrients in the soil, it causes species to lose their natural habitats. This contributes to loss in biodiversity in plants and animals. 70 percent of Earth’s land…