Plato 's Argument For The Souls Essay

1405 Words Oct 18th, 2016 6 Pages
James Moore
Dr. Georgia Mouroutsou
Philosophy 2205W
October 18, 2016
Plato’s Argument for the Souls Immortality The mysteries beyond our physical lives have always been up for debate. Arguments from the dawn of rationality range anywhere from religion to the sciences as to decipher human origin, our purpose in life and what lies beyond our known existence. Plato, an ancient Greek and arguably most prominent philosopher in history expresses his view in his work the “Phaedo” using his predecessor Socrates as the voice of his arguments. He covers the important question of whether the “soul” continues after death whilst using various arguments to reiterate his theory. Socrates states that the soul is immortal, hence it does exist both before and after death, and I believe he does in fact prove this. Within Plato’s works, he creates four specific arguments as to why the soul is immortal, through Socrates, he states the four being the cyclical, recollection, affinity and final arguments. Socrates in the “Phaedo” presents the arguments to two other philosophers named Cebes and Simmias in which Socrates is trying to prove how the soul is immortal. His first argument, the cyclical argument, is conferred as a balanced opposition between states, as the soul is the balancing mean of life and death, therefore what dies must come back to life. The argument of recollection deals with innate memories of forms compared with our senses, whilst the affinity argument reiterates his view on…

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