Plato And Socrates As The Father Of Sociology

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Plato and Socrates formed the early forms of Sociology, in the ways that they argued and behaved over social behavior. In 1838 Auguste Comte would go on to create the term Sociology, he is often referred to as the father of Sociology because of this fact. He also created the ‘law of three stages’. The idea bears similarity to Karl Marx’s views later on. In 1838, a young British woman named Harriet Martineau would write How to Observe Morals and Manners. This book was based on her early experiences of life in America (1837-8), and would discuss her observations of the manners and morals of American society during her time there. In 1853, she would take the work of Auguste Comte (Cours de Philosophie), translate the work, and pair it down as …show more content…
His theories revolved around the idea of social change, the conflict between opposing interests, motivated by economic forces. Marx also had conflicting ideas between capitalism and communism, supporting both, and arguing against both in his writing. He also saw society in two groups, capitalists and the proletariat. The capitalists being the owners of the capital, and the proletariat being, the working-class regarded …show more content…
He is often referred to as one of the three founders of modern sociology, along with Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx. Weber’s theories were tightly knit with the ideas of psychology, the study of the individual, but used it to relate to small groups as opposed to just the individual and their mind. Whereas Durkheim focused on the society, Weber focused on the individuals and the actions they portrayed in their life. A small group of Sociologists, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons, and Robert Merton, are known as functionalists. The idea of functionalism is one of the major sociological theories. Functionalists view each part of society looking at how each piece can contribute to the whole. Robert Merton classifies functions into two main types: manifest and latent. Manifest being a function you must do, such as attending church, or attend school, whereas latent functions let things pass, watching television for example. Manifest functions are much more easily found than latent

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