Plato And Aristotle 's Views On Truth Essay example

1553 Words Oct 27th, 2016 7 Pages
Plato and Aristotle hold very similar beliefs on truth, such as that truth is universal, knowing the cause of things is necessary for knowing the truth, and that the senses are somehow related to it. While the two may disagree on the finer details of these things, their most apparent disagreement seems to be in their opinions over who possesses truth, or is capable of possessing truth. Aristotle appears to be more optimistic on the general population’s ability to learn truth than Plato, as well as the exact role truth plays in human life. For the sake of simplicity, Socrates’s and Plato’s arguments will be considered to be one in the same, since Plato only ever expresses his philosophy through Socrates, and Socrates never wrote any works, thereby leaving his interpretation of philosophy to be primarily represented through Plato. Human life, according to Plato, not only fails to grasp truth at its conception, but is also extremely resistant towards the revelation of truth. Since Plato argues that humans are bound “from childhood with their legs and necks in bonds so that they are fixed, seeing only in front of them” (The Republic 514a) and what is in front of them is only “shadows of artificial things” (The Republic 515c), then, providing they don’t somehow escape these bonds, human beings will only ever see and believe in these falsities. This indicates that there is no truth within the general population’s endoxa. The second assertion, that there is resistance to the…

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