Essay on Pioneers of Sociology

821 Words Feb 6th, 2012 4 Pages
Pioneers of Sociology * Karl Marx He said that the working class will defeat the ownership class, and result in a utopia where government will wither away to nothing and the principle of economics will be based on "For each according to his needs, and from each according to his ability." His contribution to thinking in sociology is mainly in a perspective called "Conflict Theory" in which social organisation and change is based upon conflicts built into society. Many people see this as having much resemblance to classical (Greek and Latin) myths about the Phoenix Bird (who flies too close to the sun and burns) and creation myths of Athapaskan people of the Great Plains of North America. It is ironical that he predicted revolution to …show more content…
These concepts built a foundation for the field of sociology, and are still being used today by Robert Merton and others. Durkheimian traditions are primarily established as sociological, sometimes Criminological because his principles apply over the whole of society, including its deviant aspects. Durkheim drew in theory from the Conflict ideologies of Karl Marx (1818 - 1883), and of Auguste Compte (1798 - 1857) who is considered the Father of sociology. The Durkheim Era contributed in a major way to expand the perspective of the Social discipline by taking it to a new level when he applied scientific and empirical research. * Max Weber He was a German sociologist and political economist who profoundly influenced social theory, social research and the discipline of sociology itself. Weber is most famous for the thesis in economic sociology which he elaborated in his book The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. In this text, Weber argued that ascetic Protestantism was one of the major "elective affinities" associated with the rise of capitalism, bureaucracy and the rational-legal nation-state in the Western world. Against Marx's "historical materialism," Weber emphasized the importance, for understanding the development of capitalism, of cultural influences embedded in religion. The Protestant Ethic formed the earliest work in Weber's broader project in the sociology of religion: he would go on

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