Phonological Awareness In English Language

Once phonological awareness has developed in any language, it transfers to other languages that are learned. Therefore, students who are literate in their native language will not need to develop this skill again in English; they will only need to become familiar with the sounds of English and to learn to discriminate sounds that are different between their native language and English. Phonics can be problematic because ELLs often have difficulty discriminating between similar Phonics can be problematic because ELLs often have difficulty discriminating between similar sounds, and because the English language does not have a regular system of correspondence between letters and sounds. Here are some issues related to phonics instruction for ELLs, …show more content…
Automatic recognition of frequent words is very important for ELLs, whether the words follow phonics rules or not. Although ELLs may develop good decoding skills, their lack of total proficiency in the English language will always slow them down somewhat. Most ELLs will need additional time to master …show more content…
Fluency is difficult for ELLs because their lack of proficiency in English slows down their ability to decode words and hinders their ability to understand the meanings of the words and how the words combine to produce meaningful sentences and discourse. These suggestions will help teachers adapt fluency instruction for ELLs: ELLs cannot achieve fluency in oral reading before they have achieved fluency in speaking. When working on developing fluency, be sure that students are reading texts that they are familiar with and can understand. ELL’s normal self-consciousness about accents and errors can affect their reading fluency, especially if they are asked to read aloud in front of the entire class. Fluency practice for ELLs can be facilitated by having them read along with the teacher, or by reading chorally with a

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