Pezzo And Becksteads A Multilevel Analysis Of Rumors?

Superior Essays
Rumors are a part of everyday life; they zoom across the workplace, fly in the streets, and dash across the internet. According to DiFonzo, “Rumors are unverified information statements that circulate about topics that people perceive as important… used by people attempting to make sense or to manage risk” (241). Rumors are created to satisfy the emotional wants and needs of a specific group of people and because of these wants and needs, people reject certain truths and facts that contradict their ideology and worldview. Belief and anxiety have a direct relationship to rumor transmission due to a person 's wants and needs, propaganda, ideology, bias assimilation, and cognitive dissonance. In Pezzo and Becksteads “A Multilevel Analysis of …show more content…
As Knapp says in “A Psychology of Rumor”, “rumors express and gratify the emotional needs of the community” (228). Propagandists use this to their advantage and create rumors that emotionally satisfy the community. Rumors also use cultural traditions and adapt to the situation and culture of the area. Rumors arise in times when there is a threat or potential threat because questions are unanswered, information is missing, or there is no clear communication (DiFonzo 244). “High sources” with credentials, such as political leaders, create rumors (Knapp 228). People with political standing create rumors for their own agenda so they can get what they want. They bend the truth until it is not the truth anymore and use it to persuade people to support their cause. Some people are blinded so horribly by rumors that when they are presented with the truth or the facts that a specific rumor is false, they will still believe the rumor due to their ideology. Leaders in the government can say things that are not true and the public may believe them. Bad leaders abuse their power by influencing their people to believe rumors that are not true, they deceive their people and change their way of thinking: their …show more content…
This produces a feeling of discomfort which leads to an adjustment in an attitude, belief or behavior to reduce the uneasiness the person may have and restore internal peace. Rumor transmission is linked to cognitive dissonance due to the relationship that deals with belief. If a person does not believe in a rumor, they will most likely not transmit it; the rumor does not produce high anxiety. Rumors that are “wedge-driving” fall into play with cognitive dissonance. People who associate themselves with groups that are criticized and denounced tend to feel threatened. They tend to stand up for what they believe in so others will not believe the criticism surrounding their group (DiFonzo 245). A “wish rumor” also ties in with cognitive dissonance. If cognitive dissonance is when you have conflicting ideas or beliefs, a wish rumor could possibly sway you to believe one way or the other. As Rodriguez mentions, the human brain tries to eliminate all cognitive dissonance, so when a person is met with two or more contradicting ideas, they tend to reject theories, rumors, facts, and truths that contradict their ideology or worldview (220). Rumor transmission fuels off of cognitive dissonance. Rumors are created to target a person’s cognitive dissonance, to offset their human wiring to convert them to believe that their idea is better than the opposition. Cognitive dissonance plays a

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    On the other hand, it also reveals how people that are self-certain do not get affected by these things “as they have a less suspicious mindset in the first place, and their identity is less sensitive to social signals that suggest acceptance or rejection by others” (Prooijen 3). The self-certain people will be less susceptible to believing the conspiracy theories because they don’t feel the need to fit in and are better at making their own inferences. Therefore, people that have high levels of self-uncertainty are more likely to believe conspiracies are true. Another example of high levels of uncertainty in the individual would be the actions and reactions towards the Black Lives Matter movement. The Black lives matter movement is a movement that was created in…

    • 1523 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Some of these styles are obliging and integrating (Aritzeta, Ayestaran, & Swailes, 2005). Obliging is being able to compromise and disregard personal feelings and focus on what other people have to say because they might have more knowledge or be experts in the discussion. Compromising requires a lot of determination to not allowed personal feelings be on the way and create problems that will affect the other person. This style is based on working with the inner self and personalities of egocentricity. There are times when it is difficult to allow the other party to take control and be the head of the conflict, but it is necessary in some cases because it can save the relationship whether its intimate or professional.…

    • 1198 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    This shows us the tremendous amount of power they impose on their subjects, similarly to many governments and terrorist groups around the world until this day. Nowadays people stand up even when a hint of their opinion is disseminated, but in this nation they are not even allowed to believe their own individual ideology. Knowledge of these facts causes the reader to be aware of these horrible organizations of government, and builds their opinion against such governments. A major reason why this has a major factor on Orwell’s writing is because when a reader hears something unusual he or she focuses their attention on it and they think more deeply about it, which is what happened with this line as well. A major symbol in this story is the telescreen which is a…

    • 1753 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Framing Of The Mass Media

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages

    As the mass media lies to the public to make money by twisting and slanting the truth, there can be multiple and important outcomes that can affect how the public receives the news of today. Next time you see a crazy story on the news, will you believe it and let the media spoon feed you lies, or will you see through the preposterous…

    • 1515 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Media Lies Essay

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Do you typically trust news providers to display the most truthful and up to date facts and details regarding current events? Deceitful, new providers and the media, in general, lie to the public all the time. With slanted and biased opinions, the mass media affects how the public views important events. These lies help media outlets make money and tilt the public opinion in their favor. Mainstream media lies to the general public and slants truth in order to make profit, often by twisting facts and fabricating outrageous stories, resulting in the shifting of public opinion regarding important issues.…

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Peer Pressure Speech

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages

    They could be afraid of criticism, so they will do the criticizing first. It's better to be alone than to be with someone who is rude to you all the time. Deep down, they may be insecure. They could be making up rules, so that they fit and you don't. Know that there are people who will appreciate you for who you are.…

    • 1022 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Relational Cultural Theory

    • 1616 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Central relational paradox is a term that was created by Miller and Stiver in 1997 (Jordan, 2010). When the person feels that they are going into condemned isolation and they are unwilling to make social connections due to vulnerability they are in the process of relational paradox. The person will purposefully use traits of disconnections to keep to themselves avoiding making connections with other people, allowing the person to maintain control but stifling any progress. While in central relational paradox the person maintains the illusion of control but hinders any personal growth. These problems can be mitigated through forming authentic relationships with other people.…

    • 1616 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The human mind attempts to observe its own conduct in the way an impartial spectator might in two instances: before action has taken place, and after we have acted. “Our views are apt to be very partial in both cases; but they are apt to be most partial when it is of most importance that they should be otherwise” (Smith 10-12). Self-deceit occurs in the mind when an individual has performed a deed that he would find very disagreeable in other circumstances. When this occurs, he will either be ashamed and change his behavior, or he will rationalize his actions as being justified. Though the former is more morally upstanding, Smith argues: “It is so disagreeable to think ill of ourselves, that we often purposely turn away our view from those circumstances which might render that judgement unfavorable” (Smith 43-46).…

    • 1032 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    When people advertise, they may leave out some true information, to get the audience’s attention. However, instead, advertisers should put out true information, but make it entertaining at the same time, to get the audience hooked. Do you want to be part of something that is full of lies but is entertaining, or be a part of something that is true, but slightly less entertaining? This matters because some people are really ignorant and choose to not care for the truth. They just take it the easy way around.…

    • 730 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Even Photographs were more impactful. The photographs were used to detect whoever went behind their backs. They were eventually spotted in those photos and were eventually arrested under their government standings. That shows how photos in journalism could play a big role. It could have a bad reputation showing how some groups don’t like to joke around under their constitution.…

    • 1046 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays