Periodontal Disease Case Study

800 Words 4 Pages
Periodontal disease, or commonly called gum disease, can be found in many United States adults. Most adults don’t even know they have the disease because it can be relatively painless, at first. Periodontal disease, in most cases, begins with a mild gum inflammation called Gingivitis. (Periodontal (Gum) Disease…)
Gingivitis is defined as inflammation of the gums around the teeth. Gingivitis typically begins when a buildup of plaque has hardened on the teeth. Plaque can be easily removed with daily brushing and flossing. If a patient does not use proper oral hygiene the plaque will harden to form tarter. Tarter carries bacteria and if not removed with a professional dental cleaning, the bacteria thus causes Gingivitis. If Gingivitis continues
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The Periodontist will review the patients’ medical and dental history along with a clinical and radiographic exam. The examinations will evaluate extraoral and intraoral structures of the gums and supporting bones of the teeth. These two types of exams look and study some of the following: the distribution of plaque on the teeth, the depth of the gum line and the amount of gingiva or gum bleeding. Based on the findings of each exam, the diagnostic results are recorded in the patient’s diagnostic report in the medical records. Once a diagnosis is reported, a treatment plan is presented to the patient, explaining the stage of periodontal disease a patient may have, therapeutic options, potential complications, the results the patient may expect and the roles the patient will play in the treatment plan. (The Journal of Periodontology, May …show more content…
The first is aggressive periodontitis. This type is present in relatively healthy patients that have rapid tooth loss. Second, is chronic periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is the most common type of the disease. This type of periodontal disease shows signs of inflammation in the supporting tissues of the tooth with a slow rate of tooth loss. The third type is periodontitis due to systemic disease. This type of the disease is normally caused by other bodily disease, such as diabetes. The final type of periodontal disease is necrotizing periodontal disease. Necrotizing periodontal disease is the most severe. It is found in patients that are malnourished or have severe systemic diseases such as HIV. A patient with Necrotizing periodontal disease may have necrosis or dead, gum tissues, periodontal ligaments, and bones. (TYPES OF GUM

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