Peasant Revolution In Russia

7269 Words 30 Pages
Register to read the introduction… • There were harvest failures in 1891-2, 1898 and 1901. • Many peasants were tied to the commune by debt and disciplined by Land Captains. • If peasants wanted to increase their land then they needed the consent of 2/3 of the village and had to clear their debt. • Agricultural society had a hierarchy. One third of land went to the Kulaks (wealthy nobility), a third went to town dwellers or co-operatives and a third went to the vast majority of peasants. • Poorer peasants hired themselves out as labourers to the kulaks. • By 1900 the average life expectancy for a Russian peasant was under 40. • 500,000 peasants died in the 1891 famine alone. • Some peasants took drastic action. In the 1890s rent strikes and illegal seizures of land rose and there were major disturbances in the Ukraine in 1902.

Russian Economic Development 1905 – 1914

Peter Stolypin

• Appointed president of the Council of Ministers after the 1905 Revolution. • He was determined to strengthen tsardom in a time of crisis. • He declared his guiding principle to be ‘suppression first and then, and only then
…show more content…
• The opposition had no practical experience and because of their nature as underground movements the groups tended to lean towards Utopian/radical thoughts.

Conditions for Peasants – created opposition in Russia

• Life expectancy was under 40. • Living conditions were poor and there were severe famines. • The main problem was a land shortage due to an increasing population. • The govt tried to distract the people with a successful war against Japan. Instead the humiliating defeat was blamed on Tsarist incompetence. • This resulted in the joining together of the middle class liberals, the working class and the peasants in the 1905 Revolution. These series of disturbances led to Nicholas II granting the October Manifesto and a Duma. • Political parties could now develop but they were still repressed and restricted. • In addition Russian political parties were suspicious of each other which made co-operation between them very difficult.

What opposition was there in Russia in the period 1881 – 1905?

• Populists (Narodniks) • First revolutionary movement in Russia during the 1870s led by

Related Documents