Past, Current And Future Treatments Essay

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Past, current and future treatments In the past, traditional and standard treatment for schizophrenia was a long-term hospitalization in a safe environment where the necessary care and support were provided (Tandon, Nasrallah, & Keshavan, 2010). Electroconvulsive therapy was occasionally conducted (Tandon et al., 2010). Although controversial, electroconvulsive therapy is to this day prescribed as an adjunct therapy to those who do not respond to antipsychotic drugs.
In the current years, psychopharmacological and psychosocial treatments are two main strategies for the treatment of schizophrenia. Antipsychotic medications have been used effectively since chlorpromazine (Thorazine) was first used in 1950’s (Pratt et al, 2014; Preston, 2013). Antipsychotic medications developed in the earlier years referred to as first-generation antipsychotics are potent dopamine blockers and are effective particularly in reducing positive symptoms (Preston, 2013). However, first-generation antipsychotics cause inadvertently frequent and potentially serious neurological side effects (Preston, 2013).
The newer medications referred to as second generation potently block serotonin and weakly block dopamine, and cause less neurological side effects (Preston, 2013). On the contrary to their counterparts, the second-generation antipsychotics are more effective in reducing negative symptoms (Preston, 2013). Generally, it is important to continue antipsychotic treatments for at least a year…

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