Pacifism In Sons And Lovers, By Bertolt Brecht

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Chapter I Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)
Eugen Berthold Freidrich known as Bertolt Brecht was born on 10 February 1898 in an upper-middle class family in Augsburg. The director of paper mill, Brecht’s father believed in Catholicism. The interesting fact is that his parents had a mixed Catholic-Protestant marriage and Brecht was mainly brought up by his mother’s Protestant faith. He attended elementary school and grammar school in Augsburg and his patriotism soon changed into pacifism in 1914 when the First World War broke out. He was caught into trouble in school for writing a pacifist essay. Brecht was politically alert. From the very beginning he had a political bend of mind. He writes:
"The worst illiterate is the political illiterate. He hears
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He doesn’t know, the imbecile, that from his political non-participation, comes the prostitute, the abandoned child, the robber, and worst of all, corrupt officials, the lackeys of exploitative multinational corporations.”

Lawrence’s much loved third novel Sons and Lovers (1913) is an intense study of human relationships, family, society, class and sexual relationships. This work is semi- autobiographical. It draws heavily on his own experiences which he was trying hard to understand. His parents did not share a good bond. He grew up hating his father and trying to replace his father. He wrote in a letter that ‘This has been a kind of bond between me and my mother. We have loved each other almost with a husband and wife love as well as filial and maternal. We knew each other by instinct…now my mother is nearly dead and I don’t know how I am.’ He developed a hatred for the father and a close compensatory bond with the mother. Without his mother, Lawrence feels he has no sense of past and no identity. The same happens with the protagonist, Paul Morel who was completely devastated after the death of his mother. He too developed a hatred for his father and developed a close relation with his

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