Bertolt Brecht Chapter 1 Outline

Superior Essays
Chapter I Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956)
Eugen Berthold Freidrich known as Bertolt Brecht was born on 10 February 1898 in an upper-middle class family in Augsburg. The director of paper mill, Brecht’s father believed in Catholicism. The interesting fact is that his parents had a mixed Catholic-Protestant marriage and Brecht was mainly brought up by his mother’s Protestant faith. He attended elementary school and grammar school in Augsburg and his patriotism soon changed into pacifism in 1914 when the First World War broke out. He was caught into trouble in school for writing a pacifist essay. Brecht was politically alert. From the very beginning he had a political bend of mind. He writes:
"The worst illiterate is the political illiterate. He hears
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He doesn’t know, the imbecile, that from his political non-participation, comes the prostitute, the abandoned child, the robber, and worst of all, corrupt officials, the lackeys of exploitative multinational corporations.”

Lawrence’s much loved third novel Sons and Lovers (1913) is an intense study of human relationships, family, society, class and sexual relationships. This work is semi- autobiographical. It draws heavily on his own experiences which he was trying hard to understand. His parents did not share a good bond. He grew up hating his father and trying to replace his father. He wrote in a letter that ‘This has been a kind of bond between me and my mother. We have loved each other almost with a husband and wife love as well as filial and maternal. We knew each other by instinct…now my mother is nearly dead and I don’t know how I am.’ He developed a hatred for the father and a close compensatory bond with the mother. Without his mother, Lawrence feels he has no sense of past and no identity. The same happens with the protagonist, Paul Morel who was completely devastated after the death of his mother. He too developed a hatred for his father and developed a close relation with his
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Mrs. Morel’s life now rooted itself in Paul.’(Pg 124, Sons and Lovers)
Paul then frequently visited the Willey Farm. Time passed and he got attracted towards Miriam. He was then just opening up from childhood into manhood.
‘In contact with Miriam he gained insight, his vision went deeper. From his mother he drew the life-warmth, the strength to produce; Miriam urged this warmth into intensity like a white light.’(Pg139, Sons and Lovers)
Mrs. Morel could not see them together. Whenever he got late after visiting Miriam, she fretted and got angry. Paul could not understand why. She could feel Paul being drawn away by Miriam. Mrs. Morel says of Miriam-
‘She is one of those who will want to suck a man’s soul out till he has none of his own left.’(pg141, Sons and Lovers)
He started hating Miriam. If Miriam caused his mother suffering, then he has to hate her. Seeing her mother not liking him being with Miriam, he reduced to spend time with her. Their relationship suffered as there was no physical intimacy between them. The following lines depict

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